Fractional calculus is a generalisation of ordinary calculus where you can differentiate n times when n is not a whole number.

Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical concepts and skills. Read here for more information.

Prove that if the integer n is divisible by 4 then it can be written as the difference of two squares.

This is an interactivity in which you have to sort the steps in the completion of the square into the correct order to prove the formula for the solutions of quadratic equations.

Investigate circuits and record your findings in this simple introduction to truth tables and logic.

Learn about the link between logical arguments and electronic circuits. Investigate the logical connectives by making and testing your own circuits and record your findings in truth tables.

Four jewellers share their stock. Can you work out the relative values of their gems?

A serious but easily readable discussion of proof in mathematics with some amusing stories and some interesting examples.

Explain why, when moving heavy objects on rollers, the object moves twice as fast as the rollers. Try a similar experiment yourself.

Show that x = 1 is a solution of the equation x^(3/2) - 8x^(-3/2) = 7 and find all other solutions.

Learn about the link between logical arguments and electronic circuits. Investigate the logical connectives by making and testing your own circuits and fill in the blanks in truth tables to record. . . .

Find all real solutions of the equation (x^2-7x+11)^(x^2-11x+30) = 1.

Which is the biggest and which the smallest of $2000^{2002}, 2001^{2001} \text{and } 2002^{2000}$?

Take any pair of two digit numbers x=ab and y=cd where, without loss of generality, ab > cd . Form two 4 digit numbers r=abcd and s=cdab and calculate: {r^2 - s^2} /{x^2 - y^2}.

Is the mean of the squares of two numbers greater than, or less than, the square of their means?

I am exactly n times my daughter's age. In m years I shall be ... How old am I?

Can you work through these direct proofs, using our interactive proof sorters?

This is an interactivity in which you have to sort into the correct order the steps in the proof of the formula for the sum of a geometric series.

Clearly if a, b and c are the lengths of the sides of an equilateral triangle then a^2 + b^2 + c^2 = ab + bc + ca. Is the converse true?

Euler found four whole numbers such that the sum of any two of the numbers is a perfect square...

What is the area of the quadrilateral APOQ? Working on the building blocks will give you some insights that may help you to work it out.

Can you explain why a sequence of operations always gives you perfect squares?

Use this interactivity to sort out the steps of the proof of the formula for the sum of an arithmetic series. The 'thermometer' will tell you how you are doing

The twelve edge totals of a standard six-sided die are distributed symmetrically. Will the same symmetry emerge with a dodecahedral die?

An article which gives an account of some properties of magic squares.

Advent Calendar 2011 - a mathematical activity for each day during the run-up to Christmas.

This article discusses how every Pythagorean triple (a, b, c) can be illustrated by a square and an L shape within another square. You are invited to find some triples for yourself.

Solve this famous unsolved problem and win a prize. Take a positive integer N. If even, divide by 2; if odd, multiply by 3 and add 1. Iterate. Prove that the sequence always goes to 4,2,1,4,2,1...

Some puzzles requiring no knowledge of knot theory, just a careful inspection of the patterns. A glimpse of the classification of knots and a little about prime knots, crossing numbers and. . . .

Try to solve this very difficult problem and then study our two suggested solutions. How would you use your knowledge to try to solve variants on the original problem?

Take a number, add its digits then multiply the digits together, then multiply these two results. If you get the same number it is an SP number.

Can the pdfs and cdfs of an exponential distribution intersect?

Peter Zimmerman from Mill Hill County High School in Barnet, London gives a neat proof that: 5^(2n+1) + 11^(2n+1) + 17^(2n+1) is divisible by 33 for every non negative integer n.

L triominoes can fit together to make larger versions of themselves. Is every size possible to make in this way?

Suppose A always beats B and B always beats C, then would you expect A to beat C? Not always! What seems obvious is not always true. Results always need to be proved in mathematics.

Peter Zimmerman, a Year 13 student at Mill Hill County High School in Barnet, London wrote this account of modulus arithmetic.

An account of methods for finding whether or not a number can be written as the sum of two or more squares or as the sum of two or more cubes.

Professor Korner has generously supported school mathematics for more than 30 years and has been a good friend to NRICH since it started.

Take a complicated fraction with the product of five quartics top and bottom and reduce this to a whole number. This is a numerical example involving some clever algebra.

This is the second article on right-angled triangles whose edge lengths are whole numbers.

If I tell you two sides of a right-angled triangle, you can easily work out the third. But what if the angle between the two sides is not a right angle?

When if ever do you get the right answer if you add two fractions by adding the numerators and adding the denominators?

The first of two articles on Pythagorean Triples which asks how many right angled triangles can you find with the lengths of each side exactly a whole number measurement. Try it!

By proving these particular identities, prove the existence of general cases.

A point moves around inside a rectangle. What are the least and the greatest values of the sum of the squares of the distances from the vertices?

The first of five articles concentrating on whole number dynamics, ideas of general dynamical systems are introduced and seen in concrete cases.