Make and prove a conjecture about the value of the product of the Fibonacci numbers $F_{n+1}F_{n-1}$.

Find a connection between the shape of a special ellipse and an infinite string of nested square roots.

The first of two articles on Pythagorean Triples which asks how many right angled triangles can you find with the lengths of each side exactly a whole number measurement. Try it!

This is the second article on right-angled triangles whose edge lengths are whole numbers.

This article discusses how every Pythagorean triple (a, b, c) can be illustrated by a square and an L shape within another square. You are invited to find some triples for yourself.

Four identical right angled triangles are drawn on the sides of a square. Two face out, two face in. Why do the four vertices marked with dots lie on one line?

Investigate the number of points with integer coordinates on circles with centres at the origin for which the square of the radius is a power of 5.

The diagram shows a regular pentagon with sides of unit length. Find all the angles in the diagram. Prove that the quadrilateral shown in red is a rhombus.

Start with any whole number N, write N as a multiple of 10 plus a remainder R and produce a new whole number N'. Repeat. What happens?

The final of five articles which containe the proof of why the sequence introduced in article IV either reaches the fixed point 0 or the sequence enters a repeating cycle of four values.

Imagine two identical cylindrical pipes meeting at right angles and think about the shape of the space which belongs to both pipes. Early Chinese mathematicians call this shape the mouhefanggai.

In this article we show that every whole number can be written as a continued fraction of the form k/(1+k/(1+k/...)).

An article which gives an account of some properties of magic squares.

In this third of five articles we prove that whatever whole number we start with for the Happy Number sequence we will always end up with some set of numbers being repeated over and over again.

Some puzzles requiring no knowledge of knot theory, just a careful inspection of the patterns. A glimpse of the classification of knots and a little about prime knots, crossing numbers and. . . .

Professor Korner has generously supported school mathematics for more than 30 years and has been a good friend to NRICH since it started.

The first of five articles concentrating on whole number dynamics, ideas of general dynamical systems are introduced and seen in concrete cases.

If x + y = -1 find the largest value of xy by coordinate geometry, by calculus and by algebra.

The largest square which fits into a circle is ABCD and EFGH is a square with G and H on the line CD and E and F on the circumference of the circle. Show that AB = 5EF. Similarly the largest. . . .

What can you say about the lengths of the sides of a quadrilateral whose vertices are on a unit circle?

Is the mean of the squares of two numbers greater than, or less than, the square of their means?

The picture illustrates the sum 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 = (4 x 5)/2. Prove the general formula for the sum of the first n natural numbers and the formula for the sum of the cubes of the first n natural. . . .

Show that x = 1 is a solution of the equation x^(3/2) - 8x^(-3/2) = 7 and find all other solutions.

The sum of any two of the numbers 2, 34 and 47 is a perfect square. Choose three square numbers and find sets of three integers with this property. Generalise to four integers.

When if ever do you get the right answer if you add two fractions by adding the numerators and adding the denominators?

Can you convince me of each of the following: If a square number is multiplied by a square number the product is ALWAYS a square number...

A point moves around inside a rectangle. What are the least and the greatest values of the sum of the squares of the distances from the vertices?

Find all positive integers a and b for which the two equations: x^2-ax+b = 0 and x^2-bx+a = 0 both have positive integer solutions.

This article extends the discussions in "Whole number dynamics I". Continuing the proof that, for all starting points, the Happy Number sequence goes into a loop or homes in on a fixed point.

Prove Pythagoras' Theorem using enlargements and scale factors.

Can you make sense of these three proofs of Pythagoras' Theorem?

Have a go at being mathematically negative, by negating these statements.

What fractions can you divide the diagonal of a square into by simple folding?

Can you work through these direct proofs, using our interactive proof sorters?

This problem is a sequence of linked mini-challenges leading up to the proof of a difficult final challenge, encouraging you to think mathematically. Starting with one of the mini-challenges, how. . . .

Try to solve this very difficult problem and then study our two suggested solutions. How would you use your knowledge to try to solve variants on the original problem?

Can you make sense of the three methods to work out the area of the kite in the square?

Given a set of points (x,y) with distinct x values, find a polynomial that goes through all of them, then prove some results about the existence and uniqueness of these polynomials.

Advent Calendar 2011 - a mathematical activity for each day during the run-up to Christmas.

Sort these mathematical propositions into a series of 8 correct statements.

You have twelve weights, one of which is different from the rest. Using just 3 weighings, can you identify which weight is the odd one out, and whether it is heavier or lighter than the rest?

Take any two numbers between 0 and 1. Prove that the sum of the numbers is always less than one plus their product?

Prove that, given any three parallel lines, an equilateral triangle always exists with one vertex on each of the three lines.

Prove that the shaded area of the semicircle is equal to the area of the inner circle.

Prove that if a is a natural number and the square root of a is rational, then it is a square number (an integer n^2 for some integer n.)

It is obvious that we can fit four circles of diameter 1 unit in a square of side 2 without overlapping. What is the smallest square into which we can fit 3 circles of diameter 1 unit?