Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Imagine a pyramid which is built in square layers of small cubes. If we number the cubes from the top, starting with 1, can you picture which cubes are directly below this first cube?

Starting with the number 180, take away 9 again and again, joining up the dots as you go. Watch out - don't join all the dots!

Can you make a cycle of pairs that add to make a square number using all the numbers in the box below, once and once only?

We start with one yellow cube and build around it to make a 3x3x3 cube with red cubes. Then we build around that red cube with blue cubes and so on. How many cubes of each colour have we used?

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

Winifred Wytsh bought a box each of jelly babies, milk jelly bears, yellow jelly bees and jelly belly beans. In how many different ways could she make a jolly jelly feast with 32 legs?

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Can you use the information to find out which cards I have used?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Ram divided 15 pennies among four small bags. He could then pay any sum of money from 1p to 15p without opening any bag. How many pennies did Ram put in each bag?

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?

Place six toy ladybirds into the box so that there are two ladybirds in every column and every row.

Three children are going to buy some plants for their birthdays. They will plant them within circular paths. How could they do this?

Place this "worm" on the 100 square and find the total of the four squares it covers. Keeping its head in the same place, what other totals can you make?

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

These two group activities use mathematical reasoning - one is numerical, one geometric.

Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Tim had nine cards each with a different number from 1 to 9 on it. How could he have put them into three piles so that the total in each pile was 15?

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?