How can we help students make sense of addition and subtraction of negative numbers?

This article suggests some ways of making sense of calculations involving positive and negative numbers.

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

Five numbers added together in pairs produce: 0, 2, 4, 4, 6, 8, 9, 11, 13, 15 What are the five numbers?

The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1 ... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?

Investigate $1^n + 19^n + 20^n + 51^n + 57^n + 80^n + 82^n $ and $2^n + 12^n + 31^n + 40^n + 69^n + 71^n + 85^n$ for different values of n.

When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .

In this game the winner is the first to complete a row of three. Are some squares easier to land on than others?

Whenever two chameleons of different colours meet they change colour to the third colour. Describe the shortest sequence of meetings in which all the chameleons change to green if you start with 12. . . .

Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME

What is the sum of all the digits in all the integers from one to one million?

A combination mechanism for a safe comprises thirty-two tumblers numbered from one to thirty-two in such a way that the numbers in each wheel total 132... Could you open the safe?

There are exactly 3 ways to add 4 odd numbers to get 10. Find all the ways of adding 8 odd numbers to get 20. To be sure of getting all the solutions you will need to be systematic. What about. . . .

This challenge is to make up YOUR OWN alphanumeric. Each letter represents a digit and where the same letter appears more than once it must represent the same digit each time.

The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?

Can you arrange the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 into three 3-digit numbers such that their total is close to 1500?

A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.

You have four jugs of 9, 7, 4 and 2 litres capacity. The 9 litre jug is full of wine, the others are empty. Can you divide the wine into three equal quantities?

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

If you wrote all the possible four digit numbers made by using each of the digits 2, 4, 5, 7 once, what would they add up to?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the number line first?

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

The picture shows a lighthouse and many underwater creatures. If you know the markings on the lighthouse are 1m apart, can you work out the distances between some of the different creatures?

There are nasty versions of this dice game but we'll start with the nice ones...

Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?

Crosses can be drawn on number grids of various sizes. What do you notice when you add opposite ends?

Using some or all of the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division and using the digits 3, 3, 8 and 8 each once and only once make an expression equal to 24.

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for an adult and child. Use your knowledge of place value to beat your opponent.

This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?

Mr. Sunshine tells the children they will have 2 hours of homework. After several calculations, Harry says he hasn't got time to do this homework. Can you see where his reasoning is wrong?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

How have the numbers been placed in this Carroll diagram? Which labels would you put on each row and column?

Have a go at this game which involves throwing two dice and adding their totals. Where should you place your counters to be more likely to win?

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

We start with one yellow cube and build around it to make a 3x3x3 cube with red cubes. Then we build around that red cube with blue cubes and so on. How many cubes of each colour have we used?

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷) to make these digits come to 100.