Crosses can be drawn on number grids of various sizes. What do you notice when you add opposite ends?
For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?
Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.
Arrange the numbers 1 to 16 into a 4 by 4 array. Choose a number.
Cross out the numbers on the same row and column. Repeat this
process. Add up you four numbers. Why do they always add up to 34?
Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how
Can you explain how this card trick works?
Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?
This addition sum uses all ten digits 0, 1, 2...9 exactly once.
Find the sum and show that the one you give is the only
Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or
subtract consecutive negative numbers?
Use the numbers in the box below to make the base of a top-heavy
pyramid whose top number is 200.
Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?
Replace each letter with a digit to make this addition correct.
In the following sum the letters A, B, C, D, E and F stand for six
distinct digits. Find all the ways of replacing the letters with
digits so that the arithmetic is correct.
What are the missing numbers in the pyramids?
An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.
Is it possible to rearrange the numbers 1,2......12 around a clock
face in such a way that every two numbers in adjacent positions
differ by any of 3, 4 or 5 hours?
Choose any three by three square of dates on a calendar page...
Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?
Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?
This article explains how to make your own magic square to mark a special occasion with the special date of your choice on the top line.
How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.
We start with one yellow cube and build around it to make a 3x3x3 cube with red cubes. Then we build around that red cube with blue cubes and so on. How many cubes of each colour have we used?
Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is
First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.
This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?
There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres.
Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.
Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the
numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the
rule for giving another set of six numbers?
Mrs Morgan, the class's teacher, pinned numbers onto the backs of
three children. Use the information to find out what the three
There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The
clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall
of the prison block. How did he do it?
If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and
multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the
difference between these products. Why?
Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate
eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person
Find another number that is one short of a square number and when
you double it and add 1, the result is also a square number.
There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square
tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using
all 15 tables, with no empty places.
This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a
maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a
total of 15!
Max and Mandy put their number lines together to make a graph. How
far had each of them moved along and up from 0 to get the counter
to the place marked?
Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both
sides once you've made the pieces?
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10
The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?
Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷)
to make these digits come to 100.
Cassandra, David and Lachlan are brothers and sisters. They range
in age between 1 year and 14 years. Can you figure out their exact
ages from the clues?
This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.
Using 3 rods of integer lengths, none longer than 10 units and not
using any rod more than once, you can measure all the lengths in
whole units from 1 to 10 units. How many ways can you do this?
You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different
ways could you score 44?
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.
Winifred Wytsh bought a box each of jelly babies, milk jelly bears,
yellow jelly bees and jelly belly beans. In how many different ways
could she make a jolly jelly feast with 32 legs?
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who
have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to
make all the different orders for 9 families?