Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10
Choose a symbol to put into the number sentence.
Can you make a cycle of pairs that add to make a square number
using all the numbers in the box below, once and once only?
Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?
Starting with the number 180, take away 9 again and again, joining up the dots as you go. Watch out - don't join all the dots!
If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order
to balance this equaliser?
Imagine a pyramid which is built in square layers of small cubes. If we number the cubes from the top, starting with 1, can you picture which cubes are directly below this first cube?
Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your
calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add,
subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the
difference between the two numbers just below it.
We start with one yellow cube and build around it to make a 3x3x3
cube with red cubes. Then we build around that red cube with blue
cubes and so on. How many cubes of each colour have we used?
Is it possible to rearrange the numbers 1,2......12 around a clock
face in such a way that every two numbers in adjacent positions
differ by any of 3, 4 or 5 hours?
Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how
Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for an adult and child. Use your knowledge of place value to beat your oponent.
Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.
This is an adding game for two players.
Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both
sides once you've made the pieces?
First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.
Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four
calculations are correct?
Can you be the first to complete a row of three?
This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.
How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.
Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1
... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?
This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers
less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the
alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?
In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10
are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the
largest possible number of houses in the square?
Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The
clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall
of the prison block. How did he do it?
Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99
How many ways can you do it?
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who
have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to
make all the different orders for 9 families?
This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a
maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a
total of 15!
Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square
tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using
all 15 tables, with no empty places.
Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the
numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the
rule for giving another set of six numbers?
Place six toy ladybirds into the box so that there are two ladybirds in every column and every row.
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of
rabbit there are in these pens?
You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different
ways could you score 44?
Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?
Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square
below so that each side adds to the same total.
How have the numbers been placed in this Carroll diagram? Which
labels would you put on each row and column?
Winifred Wytsh bought a box each of jelly babies, milk jelly bears,
yellow jelly bees and jelly belly beans. In how many different ways
could she make a jolly jelly feast with 32 legs?
Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?
This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.
Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten
numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.
Five numbers added together in pairs produce: 0, 2, 4, 4, 6, 8, 9, 11, 13, 15 What are the five numbers?
This challenging activity involves finding different ways to distribute fifteen items among four sets, when the sets must include three, four, five and six items.
Can you explain how this card trick works?
For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?