This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

Lolla bought a balloon at the circus. She gave the clown six coins to pay for it. What could Lolla have paid for the balloon?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?

Winifred Wytsh bought a box each of jelly babies, milk jelly bears, yellow jelly bees and jelly belly beans. In how many different ways could she make a jolly jelly feast with 32 legs?

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?

Place the digits 1 to 9 into the circles so that each side of the triangle adds to the same total.

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷) to make these digits come to 100.

Fill in the missing numbers so that adding each pair of corner numbers gives you the number between them (in the box).

Fill in the numbers to make the sum of each row, column and diagonal equal to 34. For an extra challenge try the huge American Flag magic square.

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Tim had nine cards each with a different number from 1 to 9 on it. How could he have put them into three piles so that the total in each pile was 15?

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Suppose there is a train with 24 carriages which are going to be put together to make up some new trains. Can you find all the ways that this can be done?

Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?