Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical concepts and skills. Read here for more information.

You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two weighings of the balance?

An irregular tetrahedron is composed of four different triangles. Can such a tetrahedron be constructed where the side lengths are 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 units of length?

Use the interactivity to listen to the bells ringing a pattern. Now it's your turn! Play one of the bells yourself. How do you know when it is your turn to ring?

Use the interactivity to play two of the bells in a pattern. How do you know when it is your turn to ring, and how do you know which bell to ring?

Bellringers have a special way to write down the patterns they ring. Learn about these patterns and draw some of your own.

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

There are nine teddies in Teddy Town - three red, three blue and three yellow. There are also nine houses, three of each colour. Can you put them on the map of Teddy Town according to the rules?

A game for 2 people. Take turns placing a counter on the star. You win when you have completed a line of 3 in your colour.

Place the 16 different combinations of cup/saucer in this 4 by 4 arrangement so that no row or column contains more than one cup or saucer of the same colour.

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Starting with four different triangles, imagine you have an unlimited number of each type. How many different tetrahedra can you make? Convince us you have found them all.

Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!

A man has 5 coins in his pocket. Given the clues, can you work out what the coins are?

Use the differences to find the solution to this Sudoku.

Rather than using the numbers 1-9, this sudoku uses the nine different letters used to make the words "Advent Calendar".

This pair of linked Sudokus matches letters with numbers and hides a seasonal greeting. Can you find it?

A pair of Sudoku puzzles that together lead to a complete solution.

The letters of the word ABACUS have been arranged in the shape of a triangle. How many different ways can you find to read the word ABACUS from this triangular pattern?

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?

Four small numbers give the clue to the contents of the four surrounding cells.

A Sudoku that uses transformations as supporting clues.

Label the joints and legs of these graph theory caterpillars so that the vertex sums are all equal.

If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?

How many different symmetrical shapes can you make by shading triangles or squares?

Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary connections.

This cube has ink on each face which leaves marks on paper as it is rolled. Can you work out what is on each face and the route it has taken?

This challenge extends the Plants investigation so now four or more children are involved.

Can you use your powers of logic and deduction to work out the missing information in these sporty situations?

This tricky challenge asks you to find ways of going across rectangles, going through exactly ten squares.

This challenging activity involves finding different ways to distribute fifteen items among four sets, when the sets must include three, four, five and six items.

Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?

An extra constraint means this Sudoku requires you to think in diagonals as well as horizontal and vertical lines and boxes of nine.

Draw some isosceles triangles with an area of $9$cm$^2$ and a vertex at (20,20). If all the vertices must have whole number coordinates, how many is it possible to draw?

A few extra challenges set by some young NRICH members.

A package contains a set of resources designed to develop students’ mathematical thinking. This package places a particular emphasis on “being systematic” and is designed to meet. . . .

Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary connections.

Four numbers on an intersection that need to be placed in the surrounding cells. That is all you need to know to solve this sudoku.

This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?

There is a long tradition of creating mazes throughout history and across the world. This article gives details of mazes you can visit and those that you can tackle on paper.

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

A Sudoku based on clues that give the differences between adjacent cells.

A Sudoku with clues given as sums of entries.

The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.