Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical concepts and skills. Read here for more information.

You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two weighings of the balance?

A particular technique for solving Sudoku puzzles, known as "naked pair", is explained in this easy-to-read article.

Label the joints and legs of these graph theory caterpillars so that the vertex sums are all equal.

This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?

A pair of Sudoku puzzles that together lead to a complete solution.

Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

Can you use your powers of logic and deduction to work out the missing information in these sporty situations?

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

Four small numbers give the clue to the contents of the four surrounding cells.

Explore this how this program produces the sequences it does. What are you controlling when you change the values of the variables?

A cinema has 100 seats. Show how it is possible to sell exactly 100 tickets and take exactly £100 if the prices are £10 for adults, 50p for pensioners and 10p for children.

Use the differences to find the solution to this Sudoku.

60 pieces and a challenge. What can you make and how many of the pieces can you use creating skeleton polyhedra?

This pair of linked Sudokus matches letters with numbers and hides a seasonal greeting. Can you find it?

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

Use the interactivity to listen to the bells ringing a pattern. Now it's your turn! Play one of the bells yourself. How do you know when it is your turn to ring?

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?

A Sudoku that uses transformations as supporting clues.

This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.

There are nine teddies in Teddy Town - three red, three blue and three yellow. There are also nine houses, three of each colour. Can you put them on the map of Teddy Town according to the rules?

Place the 16 different combinations of cup/saucer in this 4 by 4 arrangement so that no row or column contains more than one cup or saucer of the same colour.

You need to find the values of the stars before you can apply normal Sudoku rules.

The puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers which are either placed on the border lines between selected pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid or placed after slash marks on. . . .

Each of the main diagonals of this sudoku must contain the numbers 1 to 9 and each rectangle width the numbers 1 to 4.

Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary connections.

Each clue number in this sudoku is the product of the two numbers in adjacent cells.

In this Sudoku, there are three coloured "islands" in the 9x9 grid. Within each "island" EVERY group of nine cells that form a 3x3 square must contain the numbers 1 through 9.

Use the clues about the shaded areas to help solve this sudoku

Charlie and Abi put a counter on 42. They wondered if they could visit all the other numbers on their 1-100 board, moving the counter using just these two operations: x2 and -5. What do you think?

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

This challenging activity involves finding different ways to distribute fifteen items among four sets, when the sets must include three, four, five and six items.

This challenge extends the Plants investigation so now four or more children are involved.

Take three whole numbers. The differences between them give you three new numbers. Find the differences between the new numbers and keep repeating this. What happens?

You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find the digits and then solve the Sudoku.

Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary connections.

Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!

Whenever a monkey has peaches, he always keeps a fraction of them each day, gives the rest away, and then eats one. How long could he make his peaches last for?

There is a long tradition of creating mazes throughout history and across the world. This article gives details of mazes you can visit and those that you can tackle on paper.

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

This is a variation of sudoku which contains a set of special clue-numbers. Each set of 4 small digits stands for the numbers in the four cells of the grid adjacent to this set.

The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.