Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a
product consisting entirely of ones.
A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from
her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by
saying, "Well, how old are they?"
A Latin square of order n is an array of n symbols in which each symbol occurs exactly once in each row and exactly once in each column.
A mathematician goes into a supermarket and buys four items. Using
a calculator she multiplies the cost instead of adding them. How
can her answer be the same as the total at the till?
Countries from across the world competed in a sports tournament. Can you devise an efficient strategy to work out the order in which they finished?
Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME
Here is a Sudoku with a difference! Use information about lowest common multiples to help you solve it.
Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.
If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and
multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the
difference between these products. Why?
Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?
A cinema has 100 seats. Show how it is possible to sell exactly 100 tickets and take exactly £100 if the prices are £10 for adults, 50p for pensioners and 10p for children.
This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.
Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?
Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface
area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you
find them all?
Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems
give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical
concepts and skills. Read here for more information.
Bellringers have a special way to write down the patterns they
ring. Learn about these patterns and draw some of your own.
Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.
Label the joints and legs of these graph theory caterpillars so that the vertex sums are all equal.
The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.
Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...
Each clue number in this sudoku is the product of the two numbers in adjacent cells.
You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find
the digits and then solve the Sudoku.
Take three whole numbers. The differences between them give you
three new numbers. Find the differences between the new numbers and
keep repeating this. What happens?
Try to solve this very difficult problem and then study our two suggested solutions. How would you use your knowledge to try to solve variants on the original problem?
Can you use your powers of logic and deduction to work out the missing information in these sporty situations?
The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.
This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?
Use the differences to find the solution to this Sudoku.
A pair of Sudoku puzzles that together lead to a complete solution.
Four small numbers give the clue to the contents of the four
Whenever a monkey has peaches, he always keeps a fraction of them each day, gives the rest away, and then eats one. How long could he make his peaches last for?
Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter
of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to
Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.
Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of
plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in
each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?
Find all the ways of placing the numbers 1 to 9 on a W shape, with
3 numbers on each leg, so that each set of 3 numbers has the same
You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier
than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two
weighings of the balance?
Five numbers added together in pairs produce: 0, 2, 4, 4, 6, 8, 9, 11, 13, 15 What are the five numbers?
in how many ways can you place the numbers 1, 2, 3 … 9 in the
nine regions of the Olympic Emblem (5 overlapping circles) so that
the amount in each ring is the same?
A particular technique for solving Sudoku puzzles, known as "naked pair", is explained in this easy-to-read article.
The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1
... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?
Label this plum tree graph to make it totally magic!
Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary
The puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers which
are either placed on the border lines between selected pairs of
neighbouring squares of the grid or placed after slash marks on. . . .
Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!
There is a long tradition of creating mazes throughout history and across the world. This article gives details of mazes you can visit and those that you can tackle on paper.
A man has 5 coins in his pocket. Given the clues, can you work out
what the coins are?
This is a variation of sudoku which contains a set of special clue-numbers. Each set of 4 small digits stands for the numbers in the four cells of the grid adjacent to this set.
An extra constraint means this Sudoku requires you to think in
diagonals as well as horizontal and vertical lines and boxes of
Four numbers on an intersection that need to be placed in the
surrounding cells. That is all you need to know to solve this
The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers
and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind
A Sudoku with clues given as sums of entries.