The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical concepts and skills. Read here for more information.

Imagine a stack of numbered cards with one on top. Discard the top, put the next card to the bottom and repeat continuously. Can you predict the last card?

You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two weighings of the balance?

Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

This is a variation of sudoku which contains a set of special clue-numbers. Each set of 4 small digits stands for the numbers in the four cells of the grid adjacent to this set.

Can you recreate these designs? What are the basic units? What movement is required between each unit? Some elegant use of procedures will help - variables not essential.

You need to find the values of the stars before you can apply normal Sudoku rules.

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

Four numbers on an intersection that need to be placed in the surrounding cells. That is all you need to know to solve this sudoku.

We're excited about this new program for drawing beautiful mathematical designs. Can you work out how we made our first few pictures and, even better, share your most elegant solutions with us?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Solve the equations to identify the clue numbers in this Sudoku problem.

A particular technique for solving Sudoku puzzles, known as "naked pair", is explained in this easy-to-read article.

This second Sudoku article discusses "Corresponding Sudokus" which are pairs of Sudokus with terms that can be matched using a substitution rule.

Bellringers have a special way to write down the patterns they ring. Learn about these patterns and draw some of your own.

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

A Sudoku with clues given as sums of entries.

The puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers which are either placed on the border lines between selected pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid or placed after slash marks on. . . .

You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find the digits and then solve the Sudoku.

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

A pair of Sudokus with lots in common. In fact they are the same problem but rearranged. Can you find how they relate to solve them both?

A Sudoku that uses transformations as supporting clues.

There is a long tradition of creating mazes throughout history and across the world. This article gives details of mazes you can visit and those that you can tackle on paper.

This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.

Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary connections.

This sudoku requires you to have "double vision" - two Sudoku's for the price of one

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Special clue numbers related to the difference between numbers in two adjacent cells and values of the stars in the "constellation" make this a doubly interesting problem.

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?

Use the interactivity to listen to the bells ringing a pattern. Now it's your turn! Play one of the bells yourself. How do you know when it is your turn to ring?

This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?

In this Sudoku, there are three coloured "islands" in the 9x9 grid. Within each "island" EVERY group of nine cells that form a 3x3 square must contain the numbers 1 through 9.

This pair of linked Sudokus matches letters with numbers and hides a seasonal greeting. Can you find it?

Use the interactivity to play two of the bells in a pattern. How do you know when it is your turn to ring, and how do you know which bell to ring?

Use the clues about the shaded areas to help solve this sudoku

Solve this Sudoku puzzle whose clues are in the form of sums of the numbers which should appear in diagonal opposite cells.

Countries from across the world competed in a sports tournament. Can you devise an efficient strategy to work out the order in which they finished?

Four small numbers give the clue to the contents of the four surrounding cells.

The challenge is to find the values of the variables if you are to solve this Sudoku.

Given the nets of 4 cubes with the faces coloured in 4 colours, build a tower so that on each vertical wall no colour is repeated, that is all 4 colours appear.

Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?