What happens to the area of a square if you double the length of the sides? Try the same thing with rectangles, diamonds and other shapes. How do the four smaller ones fit into the larger one?

What do these two triangles have in common? How are they related?

A group of children are discussing the height of a tall tree. How would you go about finding out its height?

What is the largest number of circles we can fit into the frame without them overlapping? How do you know? What will happen if you try the other shapes?

These practical challenges are all about making a 'tray' and covering it with paper.

NRICH December 2006 advent calendar - a new tangram for each day in the run-up to Christmas.

Using different numbers of sticks, how many different triangles are you able to make? Can you make any rules about the numbers of sticks that make the most triangles?

Can you make the most extraordinary, the most amazing, the most unusual patterns/designs from these triangles which are made in a special way?

Take 5 cubes of one colour and 2 of another colour. How many different ways can you join them if the 5 must touch the table and the 2 must not touch the table?

How many different cuboids can you make when you use four CDs or DVDs? How about using five, then six?

Here is a version of the game 'Happy Families' for you to make and play.

Galileo, a famous inventor who lived about 400 years ago, came up with an idea similar to this for making a time measuring instrument. Can you turn your pendulum into an accurate minute timer?

Can you make the birds from the egg tangram?

What is the greatest number of counters you can place on the grid below without four of them lying at the corners of a square?

How can you put five cereal packets together to make different shapes if you must put them face-to-face?

In this challenge, you will work in a group to investigate circular fences enclosing trees that are planted in square or triangular arrangements.

How many models can you find which obey these rules?

Can you order pictures of the development of a frog from frogspawn and of a bean seed growing into a plant?

Take a rectangle of paper and fold it in half, and half again, to make four smaller rectangles. How many different ways can you fold it up?

Our 2008 Advent Calendar has a 'Making Maths' activity for every day in the run-up to Christmas.

An activity making various patterns with 2 x 1 rectangular tiles.

This was a problem for our birthday website. Can you use four of these pieces to form a square? How about making a square with all five pieces?

In how many ways can you fit two of these yellow triangles together? Can you predict the number of ways two blue triangles can be fitted together?

The ancient Egyptians were said to make right-angled triangles using a rope with twelve equal sections divided by knots. What other triangles could you make if you had a rope like this?

Investigate the smallest number of moves it takes to turn these mats upside-down if you can only turn exactly three at a time.

Let's say you can only use two different lengths - 2 units and 4 units. Using just these 2 lengths as the edges how many different cuboids can you make?

This practical investigation invites you to make tessellating shapes in a similar way to the artist Escher.

How can you arrange the 5 cubes so that you need the smallest number of Brush Loads of paint to cover them? Try with other numbers of cubes as well.

What is the smallest cuboid that you can put in this box so that you cannot fit another that's the same into it?

Arrange your fences to make the largest rectangular space you can. Try with four fences, then five, then six etc.

We went to the cinema and decided to buy some bags of popcorn so we asked about the prices. Investigate how much popcorn each bag holds so find out which we might have bought.

Looking at the picture of this Jomista Mat, can you decribe what you see? Why not try and make one yourself?

This practical problem challenges you to create shapes and patterns with two different types of triangle. You could even try overlapping them.

Here are some ideas to try in the classroom for using counters to investigate number patterns.

Follow the diagrams to make this patchwork piece, based on an octagon in a square.

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of these convex shapes?

Here's a simple way to make a Tangram without any measuring or ruling lines.

Kaia is sure that her father has worn a particular tie twice a week in at least five of the last ten weeks, but her father disagrees. Who do you think is right?

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Wai Ping, Wah Ming and Chi Wing?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of this brazier for roasting chestnuts?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of these people?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of these clocks?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of the child walking home from school?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Little Fung at the table?

Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Little Ming playing the board game?

Are all the possible combinations of two shapes included in this set of 27 cards? How do you know?