Work with numbers big and small to estimate and calculate various quantities in biological contexts.
Build a mini eco-system, and collect and interpret data on how well the plants grow under different conditions.
A simple ecosystem consists of ample grass, a herd of 50 deer, a nest of 2000 rabbits, a cast of 10 hawks and a sleuth of 5 bears. Deer and rabbits are
herbivores, hawks only eat rabbits and bears eat both deer and rabbits.
Draw a food web, showing how the animals in this ecosystem are fed and what the transfer of energy is.
Discuss what would happen to the ecosystem if...
The average weight of the animals in this ecosystem is given in the table below:
In the autumn, a bear needs to consume as much as 40kg of food a day as it prepares for its winter hibernation. A hawk will eat up to 1kg of food at a time, although it can then go without food for a day or two.
Rabbits reproduce quickly: a single female can produce up to 800 children, grandchildren and great-grand children over a season (February to October in the northern hemisphere, July to February in the southern hemisphere).
Is this eco-system sustainable over time?