While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?

Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

Can you continue this pattern of triangles and begin to predict how many sticks are used for each new "layer"?

Compare the numbers of particular tiles in one or all of these three designs, inspired by the floor tiles of a church in Cambridge.

How many centimetres of rope will I need to make another mat just like the one I have here?

What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

In how many different ways can you break up a stick of 7 interlocking cubes? Now try with a stick of 8 cubes and a stick of 6 cubes.

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?

How many different journeys could you make if you were going to visit four stations in this network? How about if there were five stations? Can you predict the number of journeys for seven stations?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up with the same arrangement?

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?

Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?

What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?

Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Are these statements relating to odd and even numbers always true, sometimes true or never true?

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?

Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?

Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.