Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?
Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?
For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?
This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.
Can you work out how to win this game of Nim? Does it matter if you go first or second?
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases
overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of
his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?
Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number
of points each of their routes scores.
Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?
In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that
cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can
make? And the greatest?
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10
How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?
Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.
A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?
Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?
Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?
Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?
Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?
Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?
This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.
This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!
In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?
We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they
usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many
altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?
What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How
about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you
can predict what will happen.
Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?
This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.
Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the
quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?
Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a
factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and
16 is a factor of 48.
This article for teachers describes several games, found on the
site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to
develop the skills of strategic planning.
A game for 2 players. Set out 16 counters in rows of 1,3,5 and 7. Players take turns to remove any number of counters from a row. The player left with the last counter looses.
Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?
Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.
What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to
create shapes with different areas and perimeters.
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?
How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat?
How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?
List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of
adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain
why and prove it?
Take any two digit number, for example 58. What do you have to do to reverse the order of the digits? Can you find a rule for reversing the order of digits for any two digit number?
The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right
hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of
Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is
The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers
and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind
Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?
Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the
numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the
rule for giving another set of six numbers?
Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?
A game for 2 players with similaritlies to NIM. Place one counter on each spot on the games board. Players take it is turns to remove 1 or 2 adjacent counters. The winner picks up the last counter.
Triangle numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?
An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify