Polygons drawn on square dotty paper have dots on their perimeter (p) and often internal (i) ones as well. Find a relationship between p, i and the area of the polygons.
What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.
It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but
what if they were tilted?
Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?
What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?
A game for 2 players with similaritlies to NIM. Place one counter on each spot on the games board. Players take it is turns to remove 1 or 2 adjacent counters. The winner picks up the last counter.
Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be
drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.
Imagine an infinitely large sheet of square dotty paper on which you can draw triangles of any size you wish (providing each vertex is on a dot). What areas is it/is it not possible to draw?
You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .
A red square and a blue square overlap so that the corner of the red square rests on the centre of the blue square. Show that, whatever the orientation of the red square, it covers a quarter of the. . . .
What would you get if you continued this sequence of fraction sums?
1/2 + 2/1 =
2/3 + 3/2 =
3/4 + 4/3 =
An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify
How many centimetres of rope will I need to make another mat just
like the one I have here?
Can you continue this pattern of triangles and begin to predict how many sticks are used for each new "layer"?
Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.
Can you find a general rule for finding the areas of equilateral triangles drawn on an isometric grid?
A game for 2 players. Set out 16 counters in rows of 1,3,5 and 7. Players take turns to remove any number of counters from a row. The player left with the last counter looses.
Explore the effect of combining enlargements.
While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which
seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the
foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?
A collection of games on the NIM theme
Compare the numbers of particular tiles in one or all of these
three designs, inspired by the floor tiles of a church in
Draw a square. A second square of the same size slides around the
first always maintaining contact and keeping the same orientation.
How far does the dot travel?
An article for teachers and pupils that encourages you to look at the mathematical properties of similar games.
Three circles have a maximum of six intersections with each other.
What is the maximum number of intersections that a hundred circles
Spotting patterns can be an important first step - explaining why it is appropriate to generalise is the next step, and often the most interesting and important.
An AP rectangle is one whose area is numerically equal to its perimeter. If you are given the length of a side can you always find an AP rectangle with one side the given length?
Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?
The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right
hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of
Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the
quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?
How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?
What size square corners should be cut from a square piece of paper to make a box with the largest possible volume?
This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10
When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...
In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that
cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can
make? And the greatest?
Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?
Can you tangle yourself up and reach any fraction?
It would be nice to have a strategy for disentangling any tangled
Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with
a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a
layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?
We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering
the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way
that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4
Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?
Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of
Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?
Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?
Charlie has moved between countries and the average income of both
has increased. How can this be so?
Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or
subtract consecutive negative numbers?
Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?
How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there
are in different sized boxes?
This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.
Watch this video to see how to roll the dice. Now it's your turn! What do you notice about the dice numbers you have recorded?