Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this
grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the
number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?
Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts
4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you
explain your findings?
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Each child in Class 3 took four numbers out of the bag. Who had
made the highest even number?
What is the sum of all the digits in all the integers from one to
This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.
There are six numbers written in five different scripts. Can you sort out which is which?
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one solution in each case?
Number problems at primary level to work on with others.
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
Explore the relationship between simple linear functions and their
Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
You have two sets of the digits 0 – 9. Can you arrange these in the five boxes to make four-digit numbers as close to the target numbers as possible?
Who said that adding couldn't be fun?
Can you arrange the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 into three 3-digit
numbers such that their total is close to 1500?
What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other
numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?
Follow the clues to find the mystery number.
A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?
When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the
answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is
represented by an "x" .
Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
Can you create a Latin Square from multiples of a six digit number?
Take any four digit number. Move the first digit to the 'back of
the queue' and move the rest along. Now add your two numbers. What
properties do your answers always have?
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
A school song book contains 700 songs. The numbers of the songs are displayed by combining special small single-digit boards. What is the minimum number of small boards that is needed?
Take the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 and imagine them written down in
every possible order to give 5 digit numbers. Find the sum of the
Number problems for inquiring primary learners.
Exploring the structure of a number square: how quickly can you put the number tiles in the right place on the grid?
Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME
Four strategy dice games to consolidate pupils' understanding of rounding.
Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for an adult and child. Use your knowledge of place value to beat your opponent.
Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?
What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?
Think of any three-digit number. Repeat the digits. The 6-digit
number that you end up with is divisible by 91. Is this a
How many six digit numbers are there which DO NOT contain a 5?
This is a game in which your counters move in a spiral round the snail's shell. It is about understanding tens and units.
Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your
calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add,
subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
When asked how old she was, the teacher replied: My age in years is
not prime but odd and when reversed and added to my age you have a
Amazing as it may seem the three fives remaining in the following
`skeleton' are sufficient to reconstruct the entire long division
Choose two digits and arrange them to make two double-digit
numbers. Now add your double-digit numbers. Now add your single
digit numbers. Divide your double-digit answer by your single-digit
answer. . . .
Can you show that 1^99 + 2^99 + 3^99 + 4^99 + 5^99 is divisible by
Replace each letter with a digit to make this addition correct.
This article, written for teachers, looks at the different kinds of
recordings encountered in Primary Mathematics lessons and the
importance of not jumping to conclusions!