Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.
Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your
calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add,
subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your
skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit
the target score.
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one
solution in each case?
If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and
multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the
difference between these products. Why?
Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a
product consisting entirely of ones.
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
This challenge is a game for two players. Choose two numbers from the grid and multiply or divide, then mark your answer on the number line. Can you get four in a row before your partner?
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10
This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers
less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the
alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?
Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of
plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in
each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?
Choose a symbol to put into the number sentence.
Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?
Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four
calculations are correct?
Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?
Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?
Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.
Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so
that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used
once and once only.
Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will
only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.
Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a
quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?
On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125 If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?
Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how
long the race was from the information?
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the
This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.
This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.
This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.
There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple
on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple
and the weights from the picture?
What is happening at each box in these machines?
Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number
of points each of their routes scores.