Use this information to work out whether the front or back wheel of
this bicycle gets more wear and tear.
There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple
on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple
and the weights from the picture?
Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how
long the race was from the information?
During the third hour after midnight the hands on a clock point in
the same direction (so one hand is over the top of the other). At
what time, to the nearest second, does this happen?
This article for teachers suggests ideas for activities built around 10 and 2010.
Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3
and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can
only use each digit once.
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs
exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how
many lemons there are?
Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a
quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?
Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?
Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?
Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?
Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more
than way to do it?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres.
Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.
On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the
four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?
Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...
The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to
find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's
finishing position was.
Mr. Sunshine tells the children they will have 2 hours of homework.
After several calculations, Harry says he hasn't got time to do
this homework. Can you see where his reasoning is wrong?
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.
What is happening at each box in these machines?
Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your
calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add,
subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what
numbers will come out?
These sixteen children are standing in four lines of four, one behind the other. They are each holding a card with a number on it. Can you work out the missing numbers?
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the
boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many
puzzles and books Santa left.
Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on
both sides have the same total?
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?
If the answer's 2010, what could the question be?
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will
only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many
sheep there are in each field.
This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?
The triangles in these sets are similar - can you work out the
lengths of the sides which have question marks?
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these
Amazing as it may seem the three fives remaining in the following
`skeleton' are sufficient to reconstruct the entire long division
Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock
face. Can you work out who received each piece?
There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding,
subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and
8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?