Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.
Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and
multiply them together. How many different products can you find?
How do you know you've got them all?
Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so
that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used
once and once only.
Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?
Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?
48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties
involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows
children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .
Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a
product consisting entirely of ones.
This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a
maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a
total of 15!
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of
rabbit there are in these pens?
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the
totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who
have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to
make all the different orders for 9 families?
Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which
route has the smallest product? Which the largest?
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one
solution in each case?
Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four
calculations are correct?
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square
tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using
all 15 tables, with no empty places.
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged
the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same
total. What was the total and how could this be done?
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.
In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?
What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This
challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
These eleven shapes each stand for a different number. Can you use the multiplication sums to work out what they are?
There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?
Imagine a pyramid which is built in square layers of small cubes. If we number the cubes from the top, starting with 1, can you picture which cubes are directly below this first cube?
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different
ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the
There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and
lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children
buy with their money?
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
This challenge is a game for two players. Choose two numbers from the grid and multiply or divide, then mark your answer on the number line. Can you get four in a row before your partner?
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will
only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of
plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in
each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?
Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange
the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?