This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a product consisting entirely of ones.

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

A 3 digit number is multiplied by a 2 digit number and the calculation is written out as shown with a digit in place of each of the *'s. Complete the whole multiplication sum.

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷) to make these digits come to 100.

Take the number 6 469 693 230 and divide it by the first ten prime numbers and you'll find the most beautiful, most magic of all numbers. What is it?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?