Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .

The number 10112359550561797752808988764044943820224719 is called a 'slippy number' because, when the last digit 9 is moved to the front, the new number produced is the slippy number multiplied by 9.

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

Visitors to Earth from the distant planet of Zub-Zorna were amazed when they found out that when the digits in this multiplication were reversed, the answer was the same! Find a way to explain. . . .

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

Investigate $1^n + 19^n + 20^n + 51^n + 57^n + 80^n + 82^n $ and $2^n + 12^n + 31^n + 40^n + 69^n + 71^n + 85^n$ for different values of n.

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

A 3 digit number is multiplied by a 2 digit number and the calculation is written out as shown with a digit in place of each of the *'s. Complete the whole multiplication sum.

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

Where will the point stop after it has turned through 30 000 degrees? I took out my calculator and typed 30 000 ÷ 360. How did this help?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

Use this information to work out whether the front or back wheel of this bicycle gets more wear and tear.

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?

Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how long the race was from the information?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?

In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

The triangles in these sets are similar - can you work out the lengths of the sides which have question marks?

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.