Visitors to Earth from the distant planet of Zub-Zorna were amazed when they found out that when the digits in this multiplication were reversed, the answer was the same! Find a way to explain. . . .

Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

Investigate $1^n + 19^n + 20^n + 51^n + 57^n + 80^n + 82^n $ and $2^n + 12^n + 31^n + 40^n + 69^n + 71^n + 85^n$ for different values of n.

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

The number 10112359550561797752808988764044943820224719 is called a 'slippy number' because, when the last digit 9 is moved to the front, the new number produced is the slippy number multiplied by 9.

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .

Where will the point stop after it has turned through 30 000 degrees? I took out my calculator and typed 30 000 ÷ 360. How did this help?

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

A 3 digit number is multiplied by a 2 digit number and the calculation is written out as shown with a digit in place of each of the *'s. Complete the whole multiplication sum.

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

6! = 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1. The highest power of 2 that divides exactly into 6! is 4 since (6!) / (2^4 ) = 45. What is the highest power of two that divides exactly into 100!?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Find a great variety of ways of asking questions which make 8.

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how long the race was from the information?

Use this information to work out whether the front or back wheel of this bicycle gets more wear and tear.

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?

In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.

After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?

What is the smallest number of answers you need to reveal in order to work out the missing headers?

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.