Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

Visitors to Earth from the distant planet of Zub-Zorna were amazed when they found out that when the digits in this multiplication were reversed, the answer was the same! Find a way to explain. . . .

Investigate $1^n + 19^n + 20^n + 51^n + 57^n + 80^n + 82^n $ and $2^n + 12^n + 31^n + 40^n + 69^n + 71^n + 85^n$ for different values of n.

When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

The number 10112359550561797752808988764044943820224719 is called a 'slippy number' because, when the last digit 9 is moved to the front, the new number produced is the slippy number multiplied by 9.

Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

A 3 digit number is multiplied by a 2 digit number and the calculation is written out as shown with a digit in place of each of the *'s. Complete the whole multiplication sum.

Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

Imagine you were given the chance to win some money... and imagine you had nothing to lose...

Find a great variety of ways of asking questions which make 8.

Where will the point stop after it has turned through 30 000 degrees? I took out my calculator and typed 30 000 ÷ 360. How did this help?

6! = 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1. The highest power of 2 that divides exactly into 6! is 4 since (6!) / (2^4 ) = 45. What is the highest power of two that divides exactly into 100!?

This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

What is the smallest number of answers you need to reveal in order to work out the missing headers?

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

Use this information to work out whether the front or back wheel of this bicycle gets more wear and tear.

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how long the race was from the information?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

These pictures and answers leave the viewer with the problem "What is the Question". Can you give the question and how the answer follows?

In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.

A game that tests your understanding of remainders.

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?