Visitors to Earth from the distant planet of Zub-Zorna were amazed when they found out that when the digits in this multiplication were reversed, the answer was the same! Find a way to explain. . . .

Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

The number 10112359550561797752808988764044943820224719 is called a 'slippy number' because, when the last digit 9 is moved to the front, the new number produced is the slippy number multiplied by 9.

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?

Find a great variety of ways of asking questions which make 8.

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Investigate $1^n + 19^n + 20^n + 51^n + 57^n + 80^n + 82^n $ and $2^n + 12^n + 31^n + 40^n + 69^n + 71^n + 85^n$ for different values of n.

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?