Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

There were 22 legs creeping across the web. How many flies? How many spiders?

Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?

Claire thinks she has the most sports cards in her album. "I have 12 pages with 2 cards on each page", says Claire. Ross counts his cards. "No! I have 3 cards on each of my pages and there are. . . .

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷) to make these digits come to 100.

Ben’s class were making cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the number line first?

Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

Can you order the digits from 1-6 to make a number which is divisible by 6 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 5-figure number divisible by 5, and so on?

How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?

Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.

Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?