The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

Ben’s class were making cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.

There were 22 legs creeping across the web. How many flies? How many spiders?

Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how long the race was from the information?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷) to make these digits come to 100.

Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Claire thinks she has the most sports cards in her album. "I have 12 pages with 2 cards on each page", says Claire. Ross counts his cards. "No! I have 3 cards on each of my pages and there are. . . .

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.

After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?