This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

Imagine a pyramid which is built in square layers of small cubes. If we number the cubes from the top, starting with 1, can you picture which cubes are directly below this first cube?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

The Man is much smaller than us. Can you use the picture of him next to a mug to estimate his height and how much tea he drinks?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Ahmed is making rods using different numbers of cubes. Which rod is twice the length of his first rod?

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Use the information about Sally and her brother to find out how many children there are in the Brown family.

This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?

Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?

Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

Claire thinks she has the most sports cards in her album. "I have 12 pages with 2 cards on each page", says Claire. Ross counts his cards. "No! I have 3 cards on each of my pages and there are. . . .

There were 22 legs creeping across the web. How many flies? How many spiders?

Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

Can you work out how many flowers there will be on the Amazing Splitting Plant after it has been growing for six weeks?

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be each time?

At the beginning of May Tom put his tomato plant outside. On the same day he sowed a bean in another pot. When will the two be the same height?

Throw the dice and decide whether to double or halve the number. Will you be the first to reach the target?

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which route will give the fastest journey?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

These eleven shapes each stand for a different number. Can you use the multiplication sums to work out what they are?