Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the number line first?

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one solution in each case?

A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

This challenge is a game for two players. Choose two numbers from the grid and multiply or divide, then mark your answer on the number line. Can you get four in a row before your partner?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

There were 22 legs creeping across the web. How many flies? How many spiders?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

Claire thinks she has the most sports cards in her album. "I have 12 pages with 2 cards on each page", says Claire. Ross counts his cards. "No! I have 3 cards on each of my pages and there are. . . .

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

Can you order the digits from 1-6 to make a number which is divisible by 6 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 5-figure number divisible by 5, and so on?

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?