This activity focuses on doubling multiples of five.
Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which
numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?
Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding,
subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and
8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?
What is the sum of all the three digit whole numbers?
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the
boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many
puzzles and books Santa left.
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock
face. Can you work out who received each piece?
Take the number 6 469 693 230 and divide it by the first ten prime
numbers and you'll find the most beautiful, most magic of all
numbers. What is it?
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these
Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the
operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest
whole number you can make?
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will
only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain
which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
Can you order the digits from 1-6 to make a number which is
divisible by 6 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a
5-figure number divisible by 5, and so on?
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the
totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how
long the race was from the information?
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each
Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a
quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?
Can you work out how many flowers there will be on the Amazing Splitting Plant after it has been growing for six weeks?
Claire thinks she has the most sports cards in her album. "I have
12 pages with 2 cards on each page", says Claire. Ross counts his
cards. "No! I have 3 cards on each of my pages and there are. . . .
What is happening at each box in these machines?
There were 22 legs creeping across the web. How many flies? How many spiders?
There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple
on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple
and the weights from the picture?
A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try
to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.
This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.
Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?
In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?
What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This
challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates
Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...
This group activity will encourage you to share calculation
strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most
After training hard, these two children have improved their
results. Can you work out the length or height of their first
Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many
sheep there are in each field.
At the beginning of May Tom put his tomato plant outside. On the
same day he sowed a bean in another pot. When will the two be the
Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?
A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.
Ben’s class were making cutting up number tracks. First they
cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What
patterns could they see?
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?
Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.