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Broad Topics > Calculations and Numerical Methods > Addition & subtraction

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The Clockmaker's Birthday Cake

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

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Cows and Sheep

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

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Sam's Quick Sum

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

What is the sum of all the three digit whole numbers?

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The Deca Tree

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

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Shapes in a Grid

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

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Six Is the Sum

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

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Book Codes

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

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The 24 Game

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

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Zios and Zepts

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

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Escape from the Castle

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

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Number Tracks

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Ben’s class were making cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

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A Mixed-up Clock

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

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Napier's Bones

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

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Scoring with Dice

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

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Abundant Numbers

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

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Got it for Two

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

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Four Goodness Sake

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

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Function Machines

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

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Sometimes We Lose Things

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.

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A-magical Number Maze

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

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Pouring the Punch Drink

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

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Magic Triangle

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Place the digits 1 to 9 into the circles so that each side of the triangle adds to the same total.

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Rocco's Race

Stage: 2 Short Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

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Oranges and Lemons

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

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Back to School

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Mr. Sunshine tells the children they will have 2 hours of homework. After several calculations, Harry says he hasn't got time to do this homework. Can you see where his reasoning is wrong?

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The Money Maze

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go. Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?

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Carrying Cards

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

These sixteen children are standing in four lines of four, one behind the other. They are each holding a card with a number on it. Can you work out the missing numbers?

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Oh! Harry!

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

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Seven Square Numbers

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

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Two Primes Make One Square

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?

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Month Mania

Stage: 1 and 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?

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Dividing a Cake

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

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Today's Date - 01/06/2009

Stage: 1 and 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

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Next Number

Stage: 2 Short Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...

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Domino Pick

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Are these domino games fair? Can you explain why or why not?

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Diagonal Sums

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

In this 100 square, look at the green square which contains the numbers 2, 3, 12 and 13. What is the sum of the numbers that are diagonally opposite each other? What do you notice?

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Adding Plus

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

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Rabbits in the Pen

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

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Sealed Solution

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?

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Mobile Numbers

Stage: 1 and 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

In this investigation, you are challenged to make mobile phone numbers which are easy to remember. What happens if you make a sequence adding 2 each time?

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Make 100

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷) to make these digits come to 100.

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The Puzzling Sweet Shop

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

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A Numbered Route

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you draw a continuous line through 16 numbers on this grid so that the total of the numbers you pass through is as high as possible?

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Hubble, Bubble

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Winifred Wytsh bought a box each of jelly babies, milk jelly bears, yellow jelly bees and jelly belly beans. In how many different ways could she make a jolly jelly feast with 32 legs?

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On Target

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?

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Asteroid Blast

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

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Machines

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

What is happening at each box in these machines?

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Clock Face

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

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The Pied Piper of Hamelin

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

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Eggs in Baskets

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

There are three baskets, a brown one, a red one and a pink one, holding a total of 10 eggs. Can you use the information given to find out how many eggs are in each basket?