Imagine a pyramid which is built in square layers of small cubes. If we number the cubes from the top, starting with 1, can you picture which cubes are directly below this first cube?

Starting with the number 180, take away 9 again and again, joining up the dots as you go. Watch out - don't join all the dots!

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Can you make a cycle of pairs that add to make a square number using all the numbers in the box below, once and once only?

Find your way through the grid starting at 2 and following these operations. What number do you end on?

Place the numbers 1 to 6 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

Can you use the numbers on the dice to reach your end of the number line before your partner beats you?

Can you hang weights in the right place to make the equaliser balance?

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

Make one big triangle so the numbers that touch on the small triangles add to 10. You could use the interactivity to help you.

Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

Choose four of the numbers from 1 to 9 to put in the squares so that the differences between joined squares are odd.

Use the information about Sally and her brother to find out how many children there are in the Brown family.

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

If you hang two weights on one side of this balance, in how many different ways can you hang three weights on the other side for it to be balanced?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

How have the numbers been placed in this Carroll diagram? Which labels would you put on each row and column?

Use the interactivities to fill in these Carroll diagrams. How do you know where to place the numbers?

In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Place six toy ladybirds into the box so that there are two ladybirds in every column and every row.

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

There are to be 6 homes built on a new development site. They could be semi-detached, detached or terraced houses. How many different combinations of these can you find?

Use the number weights to find different ways of balancing the equaliser.

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

In how many ways could Mrs Beeswax put ten coins into her three puddings so that each pudding ended up with at least two coins?

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?

Winifred Wytsh bought a box each of jelly babies, milk jelly bears, yellow jelly bees and jelly belly beans. In how many different ways could she make a jolly jelly feast with 32 legs?

In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the number line first?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

If you have ten counters numbered 1 to 10, how many can you put into pairs that add to 10? Which ones do you have to leave out? Why?

In Sam and Jill's garden there are two sorts of ladybirds with 7 spots or 4 spots. What numbers of total spots can you make?

This challenge is about finding the difference between numbers which have the same tens digit.

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.

These two group activities use mathematical reasoning - one is numerical, one geometric.