Ben’s class were making cutting up number tracks. First they
cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What
patterns could they see?
Arrange the numbers 1 to 6 in each set of circles below. The sum of each side of the triangle should equal the number in its centre.
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try
to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three
dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?
There are three baskets, a brown one, a red one and a pink one, holding a total of 10 eggs. Can you use the information given to find out how many eggs are in each basket?
Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...
Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?
Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to
find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's
finishing position was.
There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding,
subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and
8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?
In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10
are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the
largest possible number of houses in the square?
Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock
face. Can you work out who received each piece?
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many
sheep there are in each field.
Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the
numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts
and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?
What is the sum of all the three digit whole numbers?
The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems.
Can you discover its value in each problem?
There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres.
Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.
Fill in the missing numbers so that adding each pair of corner
numbers gives you the number between them (in the box).
48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of
its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant
On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs
exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how
many lemons there are?
Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is
a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125
spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?
This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.
Fill in the numbers to make the sum of each row, column and
diagonal equal to 34. For an extra challenge try the huge American
Flag magic square.
On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the
four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?
Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate
eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person
Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.
Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?
If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what
numbers will come out?
Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on
both sides have the same total?
In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.
Claire thinks she has the most sports cards in her album. "I have
12 pages with 2 cards on each page", says Claire. Ross counts his
cards. "No! I have 3 cards on each of my pages and there are. . . .
This activity is best done with a whole class or in a large group.
Can you match the cards? What happens when you add pairs of the
Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the
bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?
This group activity will encourage you to share calculation
strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most
Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷)
to make these digits come to 100.
Woof is a big dog. Yap is a little dog.
Emma has 16 dog biscuits to give to the two dogs.
She gave Woof 4 more biscuits than Yap.
How many biscuits did each dog get?
Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?
There were 22 legs creeping across the web. How many flies? How many spiders?
Place the digits 1 to 9 into the circles so that each side of the
triangle adds to the same total.
Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice?
How could you sort the cards?
On a farm there were some hens and sheep. Altogether there were 8
heads and 22 feet. How many hens were there?
This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.
For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the
strategy for winning this game with any target?
Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?