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Broad Topics > Measures and Mensuration > Area

Pie Cuts

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Investigate the different ways of cutting a perfectly circular pie into equal pieces using exactly 3 cuts. The cuts have to be along chords of the circle (which might be diameters).

From All Corners

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Straight lines are drawn from each corner of a square to the mid points of the opposite sides. Express the area of the octagon that is formed at the centre as a fraction of the area of the square.

Partly Circles

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

What is the same and what is different about these circle questions? What connections can you make?

Two Circles

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Draw two circles, each of radius 1 unit, so that each circle goes through the centre of the other one. What is the area of the overlap?

Same Height

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

A trapezium is divided into four triangles by its diagonals. Suppose the two triangles containing the parallel sides have areas a and b, what is the area of the trapezium?

Bull's Eye

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

What fractions of the largest circle are the two shaded regions?

Bound to Be

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Four quadrants are drawn centred at the vertices of a square . Find the area of the central region bounded by the four arcs.

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Investigate the properties of quadrilaterals which can be drawn with a circle just touching each side and another circle just touching each vertex.

Semi-detached

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

A square of area 40 square cms is inscribed in a semicircle. Find the area of the square that could be inscribed in a circle of the same radius.

Isosceles

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Prove that a triangle with sides of length 5, 5 and 6 has the same area as a triangle with sides of length 5, 5 and 8. Find other pairs of non-congruent isosceles triangles which have equal areas.

Dividing the Field

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

A farmer has a field which is the shape of a trapezium as illustrated below. To increase his profits he wishes to grow two different crops. To do this he would like to divide the field into two. . . .

Crescents and Triangles

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Triangle ABC is right angled at A and semi circles are drawn on all three sides producing two 'crescents'. Show that the sum of the areas of the two crescents equals the area of triangle ABC.

Percentage Unchanged

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

If the base of a rectangle is increased by 10% and the area is unchanged, by what percentage (exactly) is the width decreased by ?

Get Cross

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

A white cross is placed symmetrically in a red disc with the central square of side length sqrt 2 and the arms of the cross of length 1 unit. What is the area of the disc still showing?

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Given a square ABCD of sides 10 cm, and using the corners as centres, construct four quadrants with radius 10 cm each inside the square. The four arcs intersect at P, Q, R and S. Find the. . . .

Take a Square

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Cut off three right angled isosceles triangles to produce a pentagon. With two lines, cut the pentagon into three parts which can be rearranged into another square.

Kissing Triangles

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Determine the total shaded area of the 'kissing triangles'.

Diagonals for Area

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Prove that the area of a quadrilateral is given by half the product of the lengths of the diagonals multiplied by the sine of the angle between the diagonals.

Lying and Cheating

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Follow the instructions and you can take a rectangle, cut it into 4 pieces, discard two small triangles, put together the remaining two pieces and end up with a rectangle the same size. Try it!

Hallway Borders

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

A hallway floor is tiled and each tile is one foot square. Given that the number of tiles around the perimeter is EXACTLY half the total number of tiles, find the possible dimensions of the hallway.

Squ-areas

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Three squares are drawn on the sides of a triangle ABC. Their areas are respectively 18 000, 20 000 and 26 000 square centimetres. If the outer vertices of the squares are joined, three more. . . .

Rhombus in Rectangle

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Take any rectangle ABCD such that AB > BC. The point P is on AB and Q is on CD. Show that there is exactly one position of P and Q such that APCQ is a rhombus.

Six Discs

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Six circular discs are packed in different-shaped boxes so that the discs touch their neighbours and the sides of the box. Can you put the boxes in order according to the areas of their bases?

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

In this problem we are faced with an apparently easy area problem, but it has gone horribly wrong! What happened?

The Pi Are Square

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

A circle with the radius of 2.2 centimetres is drawn touching the sides of a square. What area of the square is NOT covered by the circle?

Exploration Versus Calculation

Stage: 1, 2 and 3

This article, written for teachers, discusses the merits of different kinds of resources: those which involve exploration and those which centre on calculation.

Salinon

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

Inscribed in a Circle

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is, satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle with a unit radius?

Equilateral Areas

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

ABC and DEF are equilateral triangles of side 3 and 4 respectively. Construct an equilateral triangle whose area is the sum of the area of ABC and DEF.

Isosceles Triangles

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Draw some isosceles triangles with an area of $9$cm$^2$ and a vertex at (20,20). If all the vertices must have whole number coordinates, how many is it possible to draw?

Extending Great Squares

Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level:

Explore one of these five pictures.

Tiling Into Slanted Rectangles

Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level:

A follow-up activity to Tiles in the Garden.

Perimeter Possibilities

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

I'm thinking of a rectangle with an area of 24. What could its perimeter be?

Uniform Units

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Can you choose your units so that a cube has the same numerical value for it volume, surface area and total edge length?

Changing Areas, Changing Perimeters

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

How can you change the area of a shape but keep its perimeter the same? How can you change the perimeter but keep the area the same?

Growing Rectangles

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

What happens to the area and volume of 2D and 3D shapes when you enlarge them?

Tilted Squares

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but what if they were tilted?

Great Squares

Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level:

Investigate how this pattern of squares continues. You could measure lengths, areas and angles.

Squaring the Circle

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Bluey-green, white and transparent squares with a few odd bits of shapes around the perimeter. But, how many squares are there of each type in the complete circle? Study the picture and make. . . .

Making Rectangles

Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level:

A task which depends on members of the group noticing the needs of others and responding.

Cylinder Cutting

Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level:

An activity for high-attaining learners which involves making a new cylinder from a cardboard tube.

Towers

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

A tower of squares is built inside a right angled isosceles triangle. The largest square stands on the hypotenuse. What fraction of the area of the triangle is covered by the series of squares?

Pebbles

Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level:

Place four pebbles on the sand in the form of a square. Keep adding as few pebbles as necessary to double the area. How many extra pebbles are added each time?

F'arc'tion

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

At the corner of the cube circular arcs are drawn and the area enclosed shaded. What fraction of the surface area of the cube is shaded? Try working out the answer without recourse to pencil and. . . .

Square Pegs

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Which is a better fit, a square peg in a round hole or a round peg in a square hole?

Blue and White

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Identical squares of side one unit contain some circles shaded blue. In which of the four examples is the shaded area greatest?

Carpet Cuts

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

You have a 12 by 9 foot carpet with an 8 by 1 foot hole exactly in the middle. Cut the carpet into two pieces to make a 10 by 10 foot square carpet.

Two Shapes & Printer Ink

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

If I print this page which shape will require the more yellow ink?

Gutter

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?

The Pillar of Chios

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle ABCD. A circle passing through points ABCD carves out four crescent-shaped regions. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to. . . .