Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make
their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?
Can you find a general rule for finding the areas of equilateral triangles drawn on an isometric grid?
Can you prove this formula for finding the area of a quadrilateral from its diagonals?
Four quadrants are drawn centred at the vertices of a square . Find
the area of the central region bounded by the four arcs.
A trapezium is divided into four triangles by its diagonals.
Suppose the two triangles containing the parallel sides have areas
a and b, what is the area of the trapezium?
Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle ABCD. A circle passing through points ABCD carves out four crescent-shaped regions. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to. . . .
Three rods of different lengths form three sides of an enclosure
with right angles between them. What arrangement maximises the area
Can you choose your units so that a cube has the same numerical value for it volume, surface area and total edge length?
Investigate the properties of quadrilaterals which can be drawn
with a circle just touching each side and another circle just
touching each vertex.
The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is, satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle with a unit radius?
Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?
A farmer has a field which is the shape of a trapezium as
illustrated below. To increase his profits he wishes to grow two
different crops. To do this he would like to divide the field into
two. . . .
If the base of a rectangle is increased by 10% and the area is
unchanged, by what percentage (exactly) is the width decreased by ?
If I print this page which shape will require the more yellow ink?
Six circular discs are packed in different-shaped boxes so that the
discs touch their neighbours and the sides of the box. Can you put
the boxes in order according to the areas of their bases?
What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?
This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship
between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on
AB as diameter?
Can you show that you can share a square pizza equally between two
people by cutting it four times using vertical, horizontal and
diagonal cuts through any point inside the square?
In this problem we are faced with an apparently easy area problem,
but it has gone horribly wrong! What happened?
What is the area of the quadrilateral APOQ? Working on the building
blocks will give you some insights that may help you to work it
Polygons drawn on square dotty paper have dots on their perimeter (p) and often internal (i) ones as well. Find a relationship between p, i and the area of the polygons.
Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?
A hallway floor is tiled and each tile is one foot square. Given
that the number of tiles around the perimeter is EXACTLY half the
total number of tiles, find the possible dimensions of the hallway.
Draw two circles, each of radius 1 unit, so that each circle goes
through the centre of the other one. What is the area of the
Which has the greatest area, a circle or a square inscribed in an isosceles, right angle triangle?
I'm thinking of a rectangle with an area of 24. What could its perimeter be?
Make an eight by eight square, the layout is the same as a
chessboard. You can print out and use the square below. What is the
area of the square? Divide the square in the way shown by the red
dashed. . . .
Straight lines are drawn from each corner of a square to the mid
points of the opposite sides. Express the area of the octagon that
is formed at the centre as a fraction of the area of the square.
What is the ratio of the area of a square inscribed in a semicircle to the area of the square inscribed in the entire circle?
Which is a better fit, a square peg in a round hole or a round peg
in a square hole?
Determine the total shaded area of the 'kissing triangles'.
Can you work out the area of the inner square and give an
explanation of how you did it?
Take any rectangle ABCD such that AB > BC. The point P is on AB
and Q is on CD. Show that there is exactly one position of P and Q
such that APCQ is a rhombus.
It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but
what if they were tilted?
Can you maximise the area available to a grazing goat?
A square of area 40 square cms is inscribed in a semicircle. Find
the area of the square that could be inscribed in a circle of the
What happens to the area and volume of 2D and 3D shapes when you
Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?
How can you change the area of a shape but keep its perimeter the same? How can you change the perimeter but keep the area the same?
The diagonals of a trapezium divide it into four parts. Can you
create a trapezium where three of those parts are equal in area?
Prove that a triangle with sides of length 5, 5 and 6 has the same area as a triangle with sides of length 5, 5 and 8. Find other pairs of non-congruent isosceles triangles which have equal areas.
If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?
How have "Warmsnug" arrived at the prices shown on their windows? Which window has been given an incorrect price?
What is the same and what is different about these circle
questions? What connections can you make?
Identical squares of side one unit contain some circles shaded blue. In which of the four examples is the shaded area greatest?
ABC and DEF are equilateral triangles of side 3 and 4 respectively. Construct an equilateral triangle whose area is the sum of the area of ABC and DEF.
Investigate the different ways of cutting a perfectly circular pie into equal pieces using exactly 3 cuts. The cuts have to be along chords of the circle (which might be diameters).
Three squares are drawn on the sides of a triangle ABC. Their areas
are respectively 18 000, 20 000 and 26 000 square centimetres. If
the outer vertices of the squares are joined, three more. . . .
How efficiently can you pack together disks?
A follow-up activity to Tiles in the Garden.