Polygons drawn on square dotty paper have dots on their perimeter
(p) and often internal (i) ones as well. Find a relationship
between p, i and the area of the polygons.
Identical squares of side one unit contain some circles shaded blue. In which of the four examples is the shaded area greatest?
Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle ABCD. A circle passing through points ABCD carves out four crescent-shaped regions. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to. . . .
Can you maximise the area available to a grazing goat?
What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?
Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?
The diagonals of a trapezium divide it into four parts. Can you
create a trapezium where three of those parts are equal in area?
What fractions of the largest circle are the two shaded regions?
It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but
what if they were tilted?
I'm thinking of a rectangle with an area of 24. What could its perimeter be?
A hallway floor is tiled and each tile is one foot square. Given
that the number of tiles around the perimeter is EXACTLY half the
total number of tiles, find the possible dimensions of the hallway.
How can you change the area of a shape but keep its perimeter the same? How can you change the perimeter but keep the area the same?
Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make
their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?
A red square and a blue square overlap so that the corner of the red square rests on the centre of the blue square. Show that, whatever the orientation of the red square, it covers a quarter of the. . . .
If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?
Make an eight by eight square, the layout is the same as a
chessboard. You can print out and use the square below. What is the
area of the square? Divide the square in the way shown by the red
dashed. . . .
At the corner of the cube circular arcs are drawn and the area enclosed shaded. What fraction of the surface area of the cube is shaded? Try working out the answer without recourse to pencil and. . . .
A circle with the radius of 2.2 centimetres is drawn touching the sides of a square. What area of the square is NOT covered by the circle?
Points P, Q, R and S each divide the sides AB, BC, CD and DA respectively in the ratio of 2 : 1. Join the points. What is the area of the parallelogram PQRS in relation to the original rectangle?
Determine the total shaded area of the 'kissing triangles'.
An activity for high-attaining learners which involves making a new cylinder from a cardboard tube.
What is the ratio of the area of a square inscribed in a semicircle to the area of the square inscribed in the entire circle?
Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?
Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?
Can you work out the area of the inner square and give an
explanation of how you did it?
A tower of squares is built inside a right angled isosceles
triangle. The largest square stands on the hypotenuse. What
fraction of the area of the triangle is covered by the series of
Do you know how to find the area of a triangle? You can count the
squares. What happens if we turn the triangle on end? Press the
button and see. Try counting the number of units in the triangle
now. . . .
What is the shape and dimensions of a box that will contain six cups and have as small a surface area as possible.
Take any rectangle ABCD such that AB > BC. The point P is on AB
and Q is on CD. Show that there is exactly one position of P and Q
such that APCQ is a rhombus.
Investigate how this pattern of squares continues. You could
measure lengths, areas and angles.
Prove that a triangle with sides of length 5, 5 and 6 has the same area as a triangle with sides of length 5, 5 and 8. Find other pairs of non-congruent isosceles triangles which have equal areas.
Follow the instructions and you can take a rectangle, cut it into 4 pieces, discard two small triangles, put together the remaining two pieces and end up with a rectangle the same size. Try it!
This article, written for teachers, discusses the merits of different kinds of resources: those which involve exploration and those which centre on calculation.
Triangle ABC is right angled at A and semi circles are drawn on all three sides producing two 'crescents'. Show that the sum of the areas of the two crescents equals the area of triangle ABC.
Can you show that you can share a square pizza equally between two
people by cutting it four times using vertical, horizontal and
diagonal cuts through any point inside the square?
Is it possible to remove ten unit cubes from a 3 by 3 by 3 cube made from 27 unit cubes so that the surface area of the remaining solid is the same as the surface area of the original 3 by 3 by 3. . . .
What happens to the area and volume of 2D and 3D shapes when you
A task which depends on members of the group noticing the needs of
others and responding.
This rectangle is cut into five pieces which fit exactly into a triangular outline and also into a square outline where the triangle, the rectangle and the square have equal areas.
How have "Warmsnug" arrived at the prices shown on their windows? Which window has been given an incorrect price?
Explore one of these five pictures.
Bluey-green, white and transparent squares with a few odd bits of
shapes around the perimeter. But, how many squares are there of
each type in the complete circle? Study the picture and make. . . .
A follow-up activity to Tiles in the Garden.
Derive a formula for finding the area of any kite.
Which has the greatest area, a circle or a square inscribed in an
isosceles, right angle triangle?
It is possible to dissect any square into smaller squares. What is
the minimum number of squares a 13 by 13 square can be dissected
Can you find a general rule for finding the areas of equilateral
triangles drawn on an isometric grid?
Investigate the different ways of cutting a perfectly circular pie into equal pieces using exactly 3 cuts. The cuts have to be along chords of the circle (which might be diameters).
You can move the 4 pieces of the jigsaw and fit them into both
outlines. Explain what has happened to the missing one unit of
Seven small rectangular pictures have one inch wide frames. The
frames are removed and the pictures are fitted together like a
jigsaw to make a rectangle of length 12 inches. Find the dimensions
of. . . .