A farmer has a field which is the shape of a trapezium as
illustrated below. To increase his profits he wishes to grow two
different crops. To do this he would like to divide the field into
two. . . .
A trapezium is divided into four triangles by its diagonals.
Suppose the two triangles containing the parallel sides have areas
a and b, what is the area of the trapezium?
Straight lines are drawn from each corner of a square to the mid
points of the opposite sides. Express the area of the octagon that
is formed at the centre as a fraction of the area of the square.
Can you choose your units so that a cube has the same numerical value for it volume, surface area and total edge length?
Can you find a general rule for finding the areas of equilateral triangles drawn on an isometric grid?
Which is a better fit, a square peg in a round hole or a round peg
in a square hole?
Four quadrants are drawn centred at the vertices of a square . Find
the area of the central region bounded by the four arcs.
The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is, satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle with a unit radius?
Analyse these beautiful biological images and attempt to rank them in size order.
What happens to the area and volume of 2D and 3D shapes when you
Can you draw the height-time chart as this complicated vessel fills
Investigate the properties of quadrilaterals which can be drawn
with a circle just touching each side and another circle just
touching each vertex.
Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make
their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?
If the base of a rectangle is increased by 10% and the area is
unchanged, by what percentage (exactly) is the width decreased by ?
What is the area of the quadrilateral APOQ? Working on the building
blocks will give you some insights that may help you to work it
Can you prove this formula for finding the area of a quadrilateral from its diagonals?
If I print this page which shape will require the more yellow ink?
My measurements have got all jumbled up! Swap them around and see
if you can find a combination where every measurement is valid.
Triangle ABC is right angled at A and semi circles are drawn on all three sides producing two 'crescents'. Show that the sum of the areas of the two crescents equals the area of triangle ABC.
Three rods of different lengths form three sides of an enclosure
with right angles between them. What arrangement maximises the area
An activity for high-attaining learners which involves making a new cylinder from a cardboard tube.
Imagine different shaped vessels being filled. Can you work out what the graphs of the water level should look like?
How efficiently can you pack together disks?
Can you rank these sets of quantities in order, from smallest to largest? Can you provide convincing evidence for your rankings?
Draw two circles, each of radius 1 unit, so that each circle goes
through the centre of the other one. What is the area of the
In this problem we are faced with an apparently easy area problem,
but it has gone horribly wrong! What happened?
I'm thinking of a rectangle with an area of 24. What could its perimeter be?
Take any rectangle ABCD such that AB > BC. The point P is on AB
and Q is on CD. Show that there is exactly one position of P and Q
such that APCQ is a rhombus.
Derive a formula for finding the area of any kite.
Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?
Follow the instructions and you can take a rectangle, cut it into 4 pieces, discard two small triangles, put together the remaining two pieces and end up with a rectangle the same size. Try it!
A square of area 40 square cms is inscribed in a semicircle. Find
the area of the square that could be inscribed in a circle of the
A hallway floor is tiled and each tile is one foot square. Given
that the number of tiles around the perimeter is EXACTLY half the
total number of tiles, find the possible dimensions of the hallway.
The diagonals of a trapezium divide it into four parts. Can you
create a trapezium where three of those parts are equal in area?
Points P, Q, R and S each divide the sides AB, BC, CD and DA respectively in the ratio of 2 : 1. Join the points. What is the area of the parallelogram PQRS in relation to the original rectangle?
Bluey-green, white and transparent squares with a few odd bits of
shapes around the perimeter. But, how many squares are there of
each type in the complete circle? Study the picture and make. . . .
Can you maximise the area available to a grazing goat?
Polygons drawn on square dotty paper have dots on their perimeter (p) and often internal (i) ones as well. Find a relationship between p, i and the area of the polygons.
It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but
what if they were tilted?
A task which depends on members of the group noticing the needs of
others and responding.
Three squares are drawn on the sides of a triangle ABC. Their areas
are respectively 18 000, 20 000 and 26 000 square centimetres. If
the outer vertices of the squares are joined, three more. . . .
Determine the total shaded area of the 'kissing triangles'.
Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?
How can you change the area of a shape but keep its perimeter the same? How can you change the perimeter but keep the area the same?
Cut off three right angled isosceles triangles to produce a
pentagon. With two lines, cut the pentagon into three parts which
can be rearranged into another square.
What is the same and what is different about these circle
questions? What connections can you make?
A follow-up activity to Tiles in the Garden.
If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?
Draw some isosceles triangles with an area of $9$cm$^2$ and a vertex at (20,20). If all the vertices must have whole number coordinates, how many is it possible to draw?
Prove that a triangle with sides of length 5, 5 and 6 has the same area as a triangle with sides of length 5, 5 and 8. Find other pairs of non-congruent isosceles triangles which have equal areas.