Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by saying, "Well, how old are they?"

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

What can you say about the values of n that make $7^n + 3^n$ a multiple of 10? Are there other pairs of integers between 1 and 10 which have similar properties?

The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

How many zeros are there at the end of the number which is the product of first hundred positive integers?

This package contains a collection of problems from the NRICH website that could be suitable for students who have a good understanding of Factors and Multiples and who feel ready to take on some. . . .

Follow this recipe for sieving numbers and see what interesting patterns emerge.

Complete the following expressions so that each one gives a four digit number as the product of two two digit numbers and uses the digits 1 to 8 once and only once.

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What are the values of A and B?

How many numbers less than 1000 are NOT divisible by either: a) 2 or 5; or b) 2, 5 or 7?

What is the remainder when 2^2002 is divided by 7? What happens with different powers of 2?

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

How many integers between 1 and 1200 are NOT multiples of any of the numbers 2, 3 or 5?

6! = 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1. The highest power of 2 that divides exactly into 6! is 4 since (6!) / (2^4 ) = 45. What is the highest power of two that divides exactly into 100!?

Explain why the arithmetic sequence 1, 14, 27, 40, ... contains many terms of the form 222...2 where only the digit 2 appears.

Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...

A number N is divisible by 10, 90, 98 and 882 but it is NOT divisible by 50 or 270 or 686 or 1764. It is also known that N is a factor of 9261000. What is N?

Which pairs of cogs let the coloured tooth touch every tooth on the other cog? Which pairs do not let this happen? Why?

Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .

A game that tests your understanding of remainders.

Consider numbers of the form un = 1! + 2! + 3! +...+n!. How many such numbers are perfect squares?

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Factor track is not a race but a game of skill. The idea is to go round the track in as few moves as possible, keeping to the rules.

Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?

A mathematician goes into a supermarket and buys four items. Using a calculator she multiplies the cost instead of adding them. How can her answer be the same as the total at the till?

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?

What is the largest number which, when divided into 1905, 2587, 3951, 7020 and 8725 in turn, leaves the same remainder each time?

I put eggs into a basket in groups of 7 and noticed that I could easily have divided them into piles of 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 and always have one left over. How many eggs were in the basket?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

Helen made the conjecture that "every multiple of six has more factors than the two numbers either side of it". Is this conjecture true?

What is the value of the digit A in the sum below: [3(230 + A)]^2 = 49280A

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made it gives access to many similar ideas.

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find the digits and then solve the Sudoku.

Explore the relationship between simple linear functions and their graphs.

Can you work out what size grid you need to read our secret message?

The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.

Data is sent in chunks of two different sizes - a yellow chunk has 5 characters and a blue chunk has 9 characters. A data slot of size 31 cannot be exactly filled with a combination of yellow and. . . .

Each letter represents a different positive digit AHHAAH / JOKE = HA What are the values of each of the letters?

Make a line of green and a line of yellow rods so that the lines differ in length by one (a white rod)

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Given any 3 digit number you can use the given digits and name another number which is divisible by 37 (e.g. given 628 you say 628371 is divisible by 37 because you know that 6+3 = 2+7 = 8+1 = 9). . . .

In how many ways can the number 1 000 000 be expressed as the product of three positive integers?