List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of
adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain
why and prove it?
Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?
Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?
Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?
What is the largest number which, when divided into 1905, 2587,
3951, 7020 and 8725 in turn, leaves the same remainder each time?
Given any 3 digit number you can use the given digits and name another number which is divisible by 37 (e.g. given 628 you say 628371 is divisible by 37 because you know that 6+3 = 2+7 = 8+1 = 9). . . .
What is the remainder when 2^2002 is divided by 7? What happens
with different powers of 2?
This article takes the reader through divisibility tests and how they work. An article to read with pencil and paper to hand.
Each letter represents a different positive digit
AHHAAH / JOKE = HA
What are the values of each of the letters?
115^2 = (110 x 120) + 25, that is 13225 895^2 = (890 x 900) + 25, that is 801025 Can you explain what is happening and generalise?
How many numbers less than 1000 are NOT divisible by either: a) 2
or 5; or b) 2, 5 or 7?
Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of
problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made
it gives access to many similar ideas.
Make a line of green and a line of yellow rods so that the lines
differ in length by one (a white rod)
The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
Explore the factors of the numbers which are written as 10101 in
different number bases. Prove that the numbers 10201, 11011 and
10101 are composite in any base.
How many zeros are there at the end of the number which is the
product of first hundred positive integers?
The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What
are the values of A and B?
A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?
Consider numbers of the form un = 1! + 2! + 3! +...+n!. How many such numbers are perfect squares?
Prove that if a^2+b^2 is a multiple of 3 then both a and b are multiples of 3.
A collection of resources to support work on Factors and Multiples at Secondary level.
The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with
the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50
times. What is the value of the digit M?
I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the
remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2.
Can you find my number?
Data is sent in chunks of two different sizes - a yellow chunk has
5 characters and a blue chunk has 9 characters. A data slot of size
31 cannot be exactly filled with a combination of yellow and. . . .
In how many ways can the number 1 000 000 be expressed as the
product of three positive integers?
Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the
divisors is 331776.
For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?
Here is a machine with four coloured lights. Can you develop a strategy to work out the rules controlling each light?
Here is a Sudoku with a difference! Use information about lowest common multiples to help you solve it.
Can you work out what size grid you need to read our secret message?
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?
Take any two digit number, for example 58. What do you have to do to reverse the order of the digits? Can you find a rule for reversing the order of digits for any two digit number?
Substitution and Transposition all in one! How fiendish can these codes get?
I put eggs into a basket in groups of 7 and noticed that I could
easily have divided them into piles of 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 and always
have one left over. How many eggs were in the basket?
What is the value of the digit A in the sum below: [3(230 + A)]^2 =
A number N is divisible by 10, 90, 98 and 882 but it is NOT
divisible by 50 or 270 or 686 or 1764. It is also known that N is a
factor of 9261000. What is N?
You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find
the digits and then solve the Sudoku.
The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.
Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a
factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and
16 is a factor of 48.
A game that tests your understanding of remainders.
Can you find a way to identify times tables after they have been shifted up?
Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter
of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to
Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.
What is the smallest number of answers you need to reveal in order
to work out the missing headers?
Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.
Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface
area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you
find them all?
The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?
Factorial one hundred (written 100!) has 24 noughts when written in full and that 1000! has 249 noughts? Convince yourself that the above is true. Perhaps your methodology will help you find the. . . .
Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...