If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and
multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the
difference between these products. Why?
Make a pair of cubes that can be moved to show all the days of the
month from the 1st to the 31st.
Use the clues to work out which cities Mohamed, Sheng, Tanya and
Bharat live in.
If these elves wear a different outfit every day for as many days
as possible, how many days can their fun last?
This package contains a collection of problems from the NRICH
website that could be suitable for students who have a good
understanding of Factors and Multiples and who feel ready to take
on some. . . .
I like to walk along the cracks of the paving stones, but not the
outside edge of the path itself. How many different routes can you
find for me to take?
This cube has ink on each face which leaves marks on paper as it is rolled. Can you work out what is on each face and the route it has taken?
Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME
Alice and Brian are snails who live on a wall and can only travel
along the cracks. Alice wants to go to see Brian. How far is the
shortest route along the cracks? Is there more than one way to go?
This Sudoku requires you to do some working backwards before working forwards.
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
Follow the clues to find the mystery number.
A little mouse called Delia lives in a hole in the bottom of a
tree.....How many days will it be before Delia has to take the same
What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other
numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?
My cube has inky marks on each face. Can you find the route it has
taken? What does each face look like?
There are seven pots of plants in a greenhouse. They have lost their labels. Perhaps you can help re-label them.
The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1
... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They
decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with
each of the others. What was the total number rides?
This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one
solution in each case?
A cinema has 100 seats. Show how it is possible to sell exactly 100 tickets and take exactly £100 if the prices are £10 for adults, 50p for pensioners and 10p for children.
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
How could you put these three beads into bags? How many different ways can you do it? How could you record what you've done?
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from
her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by
saying, "Well, how old are they?"
In the planet system of Octa the planets are arranged in the shape
of an octahedron. How many different routes could be taken to get
from Planet A to Planet Zargon?
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number
of points each of their routes scores.
Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter
of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to
Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.
These are the faces of Will, Lil, Bill, Phil and Jill. Use the clues to work out which name goes with each face.
If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How
will you know you've found them all?
Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the
totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.
Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of
rabbit there are in these pens?
Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.
When you throw two regular, six-faced dice you have more chance of getting one particular result than any other. What result would that be? Why is this?
How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one
layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same
colour are next to each other in any direction?
Whenever a monkey has peaches, he always keeps a fraction of them each day, gives the rest away, and then eats one. How long could he make his peaches last for?
How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are
four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can
you find all the ways of doing this?
Bellringers have a special way to write down the patterns they
ring. Learn about these patterns and draw some of your own.
Using all ten cards from 0 to 9, rearrange them to make five prime
numbers. Can you find any other ways of doing it?
There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2
litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to
another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the
Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!
These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps if you have an ordered approach.
A few extra challenges set by some young NRICH members.
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!