The ancient Egyptians were said to make right-angled triangles using a rope with twelve equal sections divided by knots. What other triangles could you make if you had a rope like this?

How many DIFFERENT quadrilaterals can be made by joining the dots on the 8-point circle?

How many different triangles can you make on a circular pegboard that has nine pegs?

Using different numbers of sticks, how many different triangles are you able to make? Can you make any rules about the numbers of sticks that make the most triangles?

This task depends on groups working collaboratively, discussing and reasoning to agree a final product.

In how many ways can you fit two of these yellow triangles together? Can you predict the number of ways two blue triangles can be fitted together?

Take 5 cubes of one colour and 2 of another colour. How many different ways can you join them if the 5 must touch the table and the 2 must not touch the table?

Investigate the different ways you could split up these rooms so that you have double the number.

What is the best way to shunt these carriages so that each train can continue its journey?

How many different ways can you find of fitting five hexagons together? How will you know you have found all the ways?

Place eight dots on this diagram, so that there are only two dots on each straight line and only two dots on each circle.

Put 10 counters in a row. Find a way to arrange the counters into five pairs, evenly spaced in a row, in just 5 moves, using the rules.

In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?

Can you shunt the trucks so that the Cattle truck and the Sheep truck change places and the Engine is back on the main line?

Building up a simple Celtic knot. Try the interactivity or download the cards or have a go on squared paper.

Let's say you can only use two different lengths - 2 units and 4 units. Using just these 2 lengths as the edges how many different cuboids can you make?

What is the smallest cuboid that you can put in this box so that you cannot fit another that's the same into it?

Is it possible to place 2 counters on the 3 by 3 grid so that there is an even number of counters in every row and every column? How about if you have 3 counters or 4 counters or....?

How many models can you find which obey these rules?

Can you draw a square in which the perimeter is numerically equal to the area?

How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same colour are next to each other in any direction?

Place eight queens on an chessboard (an 8 by 8 grid) so that none can capture any of the others.

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

You have 4 red and 5 blue counters. How many ways can they be placed on a 3 by 3 grid so that all the rows columns and diagonals have an even number of red counters?

When newspaper pages get separated at home we have to try to sort them out and get things in the correct order. How many ways can we arrange these pages so that the numbering may be different?

In this challenge, buckets come in five different sizes. If you choose some buckets, can you investigate the different ways in which they can be filled?

Swap the stars with the moons, using only knights' moves (as on a chess board). What is the smallest number of moves possible?

Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

Can you find all the different triangles on these peg boards, and find their angles?

Can you find all the different ways of lining up these Cuisenaire rods?

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

What is the greatest number of counters you can place on the grid below without four of them lying at the corners of a square?

Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?

Can you put the numbers from 1 to 15 on the circles so that no consecutive numbers lie anywhere along a continuous straight line?

How many shapes can you build from three red and two green cubes? Can you use what you've found out to predict the number for four red and two green?

Imagine you have an unlimited number of four types of triangle. How many different tetrahedra can you make?

Here you see the front and back views of a dodecahedron. Each vertex has been numbered so that the numbers around each pentagonal face add up to 65. Can you find all the missing numbers?

Kate has eight multilink cubes. She has two red ones, two yellow, two green and two blue. She wants to fit them together to make a cube so that each colour shows on each face just once.

Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?

Can you recreate these designs? What are the basic units? What movement is required between each unit? Some elegant use of procedures will help - variables not essential.

Remember that you want someone following behind you to see where you went. Can yo work out how these patterns were created and recreate them?

This 100 square jigsaw is written in code. It starts with 1 and ends with 100. Can you build it up?

10 space travellers are waiting to board their spaceships. There are two rows of seats in the waiting room. Using the rules, where are they all sitting? Can you find all the possible ways?

Arrange 9 red cubes, 9 blue cubes and 9 yellow cubes into a large 3 by 3 cube. No row or column of cubes must contain two cubes of the same colour.

Pentagram Pylons - can you elegantly recreate them? Or, the European flag in LOGO - what poses the greater problem?

Take a rectangle of paper and fold it in half, and half again, to make four smaller rectangles. How many different ways can you fold it up?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .

Sally and Ben were drawing shapes in chalk on the school playground. Can you work out what shapes each of them drew using the clues?

Can you order pictures of the development of a frog from frogspawn and of a bean seed growing into a plant?