You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two weighings of the balance?

Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Bellringers have a special way to write down the patterns they ring. Learn about these patterns and draw some of your own.

An irregular tetrahedron is composed of four different triangles. Can such a tetrahedron be constructed where the side lengths are 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 units of length?

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

Countries from across the world competed in a sports tournament. Can you devise an efficient strategy to work out the order in which they finished?

A game for 2 people. Take turns placing a counter on the star. You win when you have completed a line of 3 in your colour.

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

Cut differently-sized square corners from a square piece of paper to make boxes without lids. Do they all have the same volume?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

The letters of the word ABACUS have been arranged in the shape of a triangle. How many different ways can you find to read the word ABACUS from this triangular pattern?

There are nine teddies in Teddy Town - three red, three blue and three yellow. There are also nine houses, three of each colour. Can you put them on the map of Teddy Town according to the rules?

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

Make a pair of cubes that can be moved to show all the days of the month from the 1st to the 31st.

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

Use the interactivity to listen to the bells ringing a pattern. Now it's your turn! Play one of the bells yourself. How do you know when it is your turn to ring?

A few extra challenges set by some young NRICH members.

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?

Can you use this information to work out Charlie's house number?

Arrange 9 red cubes, 9 blue cubes and 9 yellow cubes into a large 3 by 3 cube. No row or column of cubes must contain two cubes of the same colour.

Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

Rather than using the numbers 1-9, this sudoku uses the nine different letters used to make the words "Advent Calendar".

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

This cube has ink on each face which leaves marks on paper as it is rolled. Can you work out what is on each face and the route it has taken?

This challenge extends the Plants investigation so now four or more children are involved.

How many different symmetrical shapes can you make by shading triangles or squares?

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

Each clue in this Sudoku is the product of the two numbers in adjacent cells.

This challenging activity involves finding different ways to distribute fifteen items among four sets, when the sets must include three, four, five and six items.

This tricky challenge asks you to find ways of going across rectangles, going through exactly ten squares.

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

A challenging activity focusing on finding all possible ways of stacking rods.

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.