Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

Place six toy ladybirds into the box so that there are two ladybirds in every column and every row.

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

Lolla bought a balloon at the circus. She gave the clown six coins to pay for it. What could Lolla have paid for the balloon?

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

Have a go at this well-known challenge. Can you swap the frogs and toads in as few slides and jumps as possible?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

These are the faces of Will, Lil, Bill, Phil and Jill. Use the clues to work out which name goes with each face.

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

There are nine teddies in Teddy Town - three red, three blue and three yellow. There are also nine houses, three of each colour. Can you put them on the map of Teddy Town according to the rules?

Use the clues to work out which cities Mohamed, Sheng, Tanya and Bharat live in.

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

Three children are going to buy some plants for their birthdays. They will plant them within circular paths. How could they do this?

What happens when you add three numbers together? Will your answer be odd or even? How do you know?

Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

Can you use the information to find out which cards I have used?

Tim had nine cards each with a different number from 1 to 9 on it. How could he have put them into three piles so that the total in each pile was 15?

Kate has eight multilink cubes. She has two red ones, two yellow, two green and two blue. She wants to fit them together to make a cube so that each colour shows on each face just once.

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

Your challenge is to find the longest way through the network following this rule. You can start and finish anywhere, and with any shape, as long as you follow the correct order.

Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.

Ram divided 15 pennies among four small bags. He could then pay any sum of money from 1p to 15p without opening any bag. How many pennies did Ram put in each bag?

Make a pair of cubes that can be moved to show all the days of the month from the 1st to the 31st.

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?

Jack has nine tiles. He put them together to make a square so that two tiles of the same colour were not beside each other. Can you find another way to do it?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Winifred Wytsh bought a box each of jelly babies, milk jelly bears, yellow jelly bees and jelly belly beans. In how many different ways could she make a jolly jelly feast with 32 legs?

These two group activities use mathematical reasoning - one is numerical, one geometric.