A thoughtful shepherd used bales of straw to protect the area around his lambs. Explore how you can arrange the bales.

These practical challenges are all about making a 'tray' and covering it with paper.

When newspaper pages get separated at home we have to try to sort them out and get things in the correct order. How many ways can we arrange these pages so that the numbering may be different?

If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?

Ana and Ross looked in a trunk in the attic. They found old cloaks and gowns, hats and masks. How many possible costumes could they make?

Take 5 cubes of one colour and 2 of another colour. How many different ways can you join them if the 5 must touch the table and the 2 must not touch the table?

When intergalactic Wag Worms are born they look just like a cube. Each year they grow another cube in any direction. Find all the shapes that five-year-old Wag Worms can be.

The challenge here is to find as many routes as you can for a fence to go so that this town is divided up into two halves, each with 8 blocks.

How many models can you find which obey these rules?

Place the 16 different combinations of cup/saucer in this 4 by 4 arrangement so that no row or column contains more than one cup or saucer of the same colour.

What is the largest 'ribbon square' you can make? And the smallest? How many different squares can you make altogether?

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

If you have three circular objects, you could arrange them so that they are separate, touching, overlapping or inside each other. Can you investigate all the different possibilities?

How many shapes can you build from three red and two green cubes? Can you use what you've found out to predict the number for four red and two green?

Kate has eight multilink cubes. She has two red ones, two yellow, two green and two blue. She wants to fit them together to make a cube so that each colour shows on each face just once.

Here you see the front and back views of a dodecahedron. Each vertex has been numbered so that the numbers around each pentagonal face add up to 65. Can you find all the missing numbers?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

In how many ways can you fit two of these yellow triangles together? Can you predict the number of ways two blue triangles can be fitted together?

This challenge is to design different step arrangements, which must go along a distance of 6 on the steps and must end up at 6 high.

How can you put five cereal packets together to make different shapes if you must put them face-to-face?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Are all the possible combinations of two shapes included in this set of 27 cards? How do you know?

Can you put the numbers from 1 to 15 on the circles so that no consecutive numbers lie anywhere along a continuous straight line?

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

This practical challenge invites you to investigate the different squares you can make on a square geoboard or pegboard.

Here are four cubes joined together. How many other arrangements of four cubes can you find? Can you draw them on dotty paper?

Can you rearrange the biscuits on the plates so that the three biscuits on each plate are all different and there is no plate with two biscuits the same as two biscuits on another plate?

Place eight dots on this diagram, so that there are only two dots on each straight line and only two dots on each circle.

Sitting around a table are three girls and three boys. Use the clues to work out were each person is sitting.

Tim's class collected data about all their pets. Can you put the animal names under each column in the block graph using the information?

Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?

Put 10 counters in a row. Find a way to arrange the counters into five pairs, evenly spaced in a row, in just 5 moves, using the rules.

Can you shunt the trucks so that the Cattle truck and the Sheep truck change places and the Engine is back on the main line?

What is the best way to shunt these carriages so that each train can continue its journey?

Swap the stars with the moons, using only knights' moves (as on a chess board). What is the smallest number of moves possible?

10 space travellers are waiting to board their spaceships. There are two rows of seats in the waiting room. Using the rules, where are they all sitting? Can you find all the possible ways?

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

Take a rectangle of paper and fold it in half, and half again, to make four smaller rectangles. How many different ways can you fold it up?

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

In a bowl there are 4 Chocolates, 3 Jellies and 5 Mints. Find a way to share the sweets between the three children so they each get the kind they like. Is there more than one way to do it?

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

Can you help the children find the two triangles which have the lengths of two sides numerically equal to their areas?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Systematically explore the range of symmetric designs that can be created by shading parts of the motif below. Use normal square lattice paper to record your results.

These are the faces of Will, Lil, Bill, Phil and Jill. Use the clues to work out which name goes with each face.

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?