In this calculation, the box represents a missing digit. What could the digit be? What would the solution be in each case?

These two group activities use mathematical reasoning - one is numerical, one geometric.

Suppose there is a train with 24 carriages which are going to be put together to make up some new trains. Can you find all the ways that this can be done?

In how many ways could Mrs Beeswax put ten coins into her three puddings so that each pudding ended up with at least two coins?

Alice and Brian are snails who live on a wall and can only travel along the cracks. Alice wants to go to see Brian. How far is the shortest route along the cracks? Is there more than one way to go?

Find your way through the grid starting at 2 and following these operations. What number do you end on?

Lolla bought a balloon at the circus. She gave the clown six coins to pay for it. What could Lolla have paid for the balloon?

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

Ram divided 15 pennies among four small bags. He could then pay any sum of money from 1p to 15p without opening any bag. How many pennies did Ram put in each bag?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

Move from the START to the FINISH by moving across or down to the next square. Can you find a route to make these totals?

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

How can you arrange the 5 cubes so that you need the smallest number of Brush Loads of paint to cover them? Try with other numbers of cubes as well.

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Can you find the chosen number from the grid using the clues?

Take 5 cubes of one colour and 2 of another colour. How many different ways can you join them if the 5 must touch the table and the 2 must not touch the table?

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

Kate has eight multilink cubes. She has two red ones, two yellow, two green and two blue. She wants to fit them together to make a cube so that each colour shows on each face just once.

When intergalactic Wag Worms are born they look just like a cube. Each year they grow another cube in any direction. Find all the shapes that five-year-old Wag Worms can be.

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Using the cards 2, 4, 6, 8, +, - and =, what number statements can you make?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

This challenge is to design different step arrangements, which must go along a distance of 6 on the steps and must end up at 6 high.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

Frances and Rishi were given a bag of lollies. They shared them out evenly and had one left over. How many lollies could there have been in the bag?

How many models can you find which obey these rules?

Can you use the information to find out which cards I have used?

Have a go at this well-known challenge. Can you swap the frogs and toads in as few slides and jumps as possible?

In this problem it is not the squares that jump, you do the jumping! The idea is to go round the track in as few jumps as possible.

My cube has inky marks on each face. Can you find the route it has taken? What does each face look like?

Two children made up a game as they walked along the garden paths. Can you find out their scores? Can you find some paths of your own?

My coat has three buttons. How many ways can you find to do up all the buttons?

What happens when you add three numbers together? Will your answer be odd or even? How do you know?

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?

This dice train has been made using specific rules. How many different trains can you make?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?