In this calculation, the box represents a missing digit. What could the digit be? What would the solution be in each case?

These two group activities use mathematical reasoning - one is numerical, one geometric.

Suppose there is a train with 24 carriages which are going to be put together to make up some new trains. Can you find all the ways that this can be done?

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

Can you find the chosen number from the grid using the clues?

Find your way through the grid starting at 2 and following these operations. What number do you end on?

Lolla bought a balloon at the circus. She gave the clown six coins to pay for it. What could Lolla have paid for the balloon?

In how many ways could Mrs Beeswax put ten coins into her three puddings so that each pudding ended up with at least two coins?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Ram divided 15 pennies among four small bags. He could then pay any sum of money from 1p to 15p without opening any bag. How many pennies did Ram put in each bag?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Move from the START to the FINISH by moving across or down to the next square. Can you find a route to make these totals?

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

When intergalactic Wag Worms are born they look just like a cube. Each year they grow another cube in any direction. Find all the shapes that five-year-old Wag Worms can be.

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

Kate has eight multilink cubes. She has two red ones, two yellow, two green and two blue. She wants to fit them together to make a cube so that each colour shows on each face just once.

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?

Use these head, body and leg pieces to make Robot Monsters which are different heights.

Take 5 cubes of one colour and 2 of another colour. How many different ways can you join them if the 5 must touch the table and the 2 must not touch the table?

Using the cards 2, 4, 6, 8, +, - and =, what number statements can you make?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

This challenge is to design different step arrangements, which must go along a distance of 6 on the steps and must end up at 6 high.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .

Is it possible to place 2 counters on the 3 by 3 grid so that there is an even number of counters in every row and every column? How about if you have 3 counters or 4 counters or....?

Can you use the information to find out which cards I have used?

Have a go at this well-known challenge. Can you swap the frogs and toads in as few slides and jumps as possible?

How many models can you find which obey these rules?

In this problem it is not the squares that jump, you do the jumping! The idea is to go round the track in as few jumps as possible.

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

Two children made up a game as they walked along the garden paths. Can you find out their scores? Can you find some paths of your own?

What happens when you add three numbers together? Will your answer be odd or even? How do you know?

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?

This dice train has been made using specific rules. How many different trains can you make?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

This challenge is about finding the difference between numbers which have the same tens digit.

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?