In this calculation, the box represents a missing digit. What could the digit be? What would the solution be in each case?

These two group activities use mathematical reasoning - one is numerical, one geometric.

Suppose there is a train with 24 carriages which are going to be put together to make up some new trains. Can you find all the ways that this can be done?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

Imagine that the puzzle pieces of a jigsaw are roughly a rectangular shape and all the same size. How many different puzzle pieces could there be?

Kate has eight multilink cubes. She has two red ones, two yellow, two green and two blue. She wants to fit them together to make a cube so that each colour shows on each face just once.

How many shapes can you build from three red and two green cubes? Can you use what you've found out to predict the number for four red and two green?

My coat has three buttons. How many ways can you find to do up all the buttons?

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?

This challenge is to design different step arrangements, which must go along a distance of 6 on the steps and must end up at 6 high.

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, invites you to explore the different combinations of scores that you might get on these dart boards.

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

Your challenge is to find the longest way through the network following this rule. You can start and finish anywhere, and with any shape, as long as you follow the correct order.

Find all the numbers that can be made by adding the dots on two dice.

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

Two children made up a game as they walked along the garden paths. Can you find out their scores? Can you find some paths of your own?

When intergalactic Wag Worms are born they look just like a cube. Each year they grow another cube in any direction. Find all the shapes that five-year-old Wag Worms can be.

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

Place the numbers 1 to 6 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

Can you use this information to work out Charlie's house number?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

El Crico the cricket has to cross a square patio to get home. He can jump the length of one tile, two tiles and three tiles. Can you find a path that would get El Crico home in three jumps?

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

In how many ways could Mrs Beeswax put ten coins into her three puddings so that each pudding ended up with at least two coins?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Lolla bought a balloon at the circus. She gave the clown six coins to pay for it. What could Lolla have paid for the balloon?

Find your way through the grid starting at 2 and following these operations. What number do you end on?

Can you find the chosen number from the grid using the clues?

My briefcase has a three-number combination lock, but I have forgotten the combination. I remember that there's a 3, a 5 and an 8. How many possible combinations are there to try?

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

Ram divided 15 pennies among four small bags. He could then pay any sum of money from 1p to 15p without opening any bag. How many pennies did Ram put in each bag?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?