Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one solution in each case?
Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make
another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same
Use the clues to work out which cities Mohamed, Sheng, Tanya and
Bharat live in.
Let's suppose that you are going to have a magazine which has 16
pages of A5 size. Can you find some different ways to make these
pages? Investigate the pattern for each if you number the pages.
Follow the clues to find the mystery number.
How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?
If these elves wear a different outfit every day for as many days
as possible, how many days can their fun last?
Use the information to describe these marbles. What colours must be
on marbles that sparkle when rolling but are dark inside?
Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the
quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?
The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is
between each super-eclipse?
Make a pair of cubes that can be moved to show all the days of the
month from the 1st to the 31st.
This challenge is to design different step arrangements, which must
go along a distance of 6 on the steps and must end up at 6 high.
What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other
numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?
There are seven pots of plants in a greenhouse. They have lost their labels. Perhaps you can help re-label them.
Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They
decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with
each of the others. What was the total number rides?
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
Can you find the chosen number from the grid using the clues?
How could you put these three beads into bags? How many different ways can you do it? How could you record what you've done?
This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
Use the numbers and symbols to make this number sentence correct. How many different ways can you find?
What do the numbers shaded in blue on this hundred square have in common? What do you notice about the pink numbers? How about the shaded numbers in the other squares?
This dice train has been made using specific rules. How many different trains can you make?
There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?
My briefcase has a three-number combination lock, but I have
forgotten the combination. I remember that there's a 3, a 5 and an
8. How many possible combinations are there to try?
What is the largest 'ribbon square' you can make? And the smallest? How many different squares can you make altogether?
Tim's class collected data about all their pets. Can you put the
animal names under each column in the block graph using the
Chandra, Jane, Terry and Harry ordered their lunches from the
sandwich shop. Use the information below to find out who ordered
Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?
What is the date in February 2002 where the 8 digits are
palindromic if the date is written in the British way?
Use the clues to find out who's who in the family, to fill in the family tree and to find out which of the family members are mathematicians and which are not.
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
This challenge is about finding the difference between numbers which have the same tens digit.
George and Jim want to buy a chocolate bar. George needs 2p more
and Jim need 50p more to buy it. How much is the chocolate bar?
I was in my car when I noticed a line of four cars on the lane next
to me with number plates starting and ending with J, K, L and M.
What order were they in?
Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99
How many ways can you do it?
Alice and Brian are snails who live on a wall and can only travel
along the cracks. Alice wants to go to see Brian. How far is the
shortest route along the cracks? Is there more than one way to go?
This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.
The Vikings communicated in writing by making simple scratches on
wood or stones called runes. Can you work out how their code works
using the table of the alphabet?
Systematically explore the range of symmetric designs that can be
created by shading parts of the motif below. Use normal square
lattice paper to record your results.
Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.
How many possible necklaces can you find? And how do you know you've found them all?
Nina must cook some pasta for 15 minutes but she only has a 7-minute sand-timer and an 11-minute sand-timer. How can she use these timers to measure exactly 15 minutes?
You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.
How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are
four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can
you find all the ways of doing this?