Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

This challenge is to design different step arrangements, which must go along a distance of 6 on the steps and must end up at 6 high.

Use the information to describe these marbles. What colours must be on marbles that sparkle when rolling but are dark inside?

Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one solution in each case?

If these elves wear a different outfit every day for as many days as possible, how many days can their fun last?

Let's suppose that you are going to have a magazine which has 16 pages of A5 size. Can you find some different ways to make these pages? Investigate the pattern for each if you number the pages.

Use the clues to work out which cities Mohamed, Sheng, Tanya and Bharat live in.

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

There are seven pots of plants in a greenhouse. They have lost their labels. Perhaps you can help re-label them.

How could you put these three beads into bags? How many different ways can you do it? How could you record what you've done?

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

Can you find the chosen number from the grid using the clues?

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Make a pair of cubes that can be moved to show all the days of the month from the 1st to the 31st.

Nina must cook some pasta for 15 minutes but she only has a 7-minute sand-timer and an 11-minute sand-timer. How can she use these timers to measure exactly 15 minutes?

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

Stuart's watch loses two minutes every hour. Adam's watch gains one minute every hour. Use the information to work out what time (the real time) they arrived at the airport.

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

Using all ten cards from 0 to 9, rearrange them to make five prime numbers. Can you find any other ways of doing it?

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Investigate the different ways you could split up these rooms so that you have double the number.

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

A merchant brings four bars of gold to a jeweller. How can the jeweller use the scales just twice to identify the lighter, fake bar?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

When you throw two regular, six-faced dice you have more chance of getting one particular result than any other. What result would that be? Why is this?

These are the faces of Will, Lil, Bill, Phil and Jill. Use the clues to work out which name goes with each face.

If you put three beads onto a tens/ones abacus you could make the numbers 3, 30, 12 or 21. What numbers can be made with six beads?

My cube has inky marks on each face. Can you find the route it has taken? What does each face look like?

How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same colour are next to each other in any direction?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

In Sam and Jill's garden there are two sorts of ladybirds with 7 spots or 4 spots. What numbers of total spots can you make?

Place the numbers 1 to 8 in the circles so that no consecutive numbers are joined by a line.

Place eight queens on an chessboard (an 8 by 8 grid) so that none can capture any of the others.

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?

On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?

In how many ways can you stack these rods, following the rules?

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps to have an ordered approach.

Use the clues to find out who's who in the family, to fill in the family tree and to find out which of the family members are mathematicians and which are not.