What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

Start with four numbers at the corners of a square and put the total of two corners in the middle of that side. Keep going... Can you estimate what the size of the last four numbers will be?

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.

In this section from a calendar, put a square box around the 1st, 2nd, 8th and 9th. Add all the pairs of numbers. What do you notice about the answers?

Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

When Charlie asked his grandmother how old she is, he didn't get a straightforward reply! Can you work out how old she is?

Place the 16 different combinations of cup/saucer in this 4 by 4 arrangement so that no row or column contains more than one cup or saucer of the same colour.

"Ip dip sky blue! Who's 'it'? It's you!" Where would you position yourself so that you are 'it' if there are two players? Three players ...?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Investigate what happens when you add house numbers along a street in different ways.

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

Ana and Ross looked in a trunk in the attic. They found old cloaks and gowns, hats and masks. How many possible costumes could they make?

When newspaper pages get separated at home we have to try to sort them out and get things in the correct order. How many ways can we arrange these pages so that the numbering may be different?

If you have three circular objects, you could arrange them so that they are separate, touching, overlapping or inside each other. Can you investigate all the different possibilities?

This challenge asks you to investigate the total number of cards that would be sent if four children send one to all three others. How many would be sent if there were five children? Six?

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?

The challenge here is to find as many routes as you can for a fence to go so that this town is divided up into two halves, each with 8 blocks.

Investigate this balance which is marked in halves. If you had a weight on the left-hand 7, where could you hang two weights on the right to make it balance?

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

Write the numbers up to 64 in an interesting way so that the shape they make at the end is interesting, different, more exciting ... than just a square.

In how many ways can you stack these rods, following the rules?

Investigate the numbers that come up on a die as you roll it in the direction of north, south, east and west, without going over the path it's already made.

What is the smallest number of tiles needed to tile this patio? Can you investigate patios of different sizes?

How many shapes can you build from three red and two green cubes? Can you use what you've found out to predict the number for four red and two green?

How many different sets of numbers with at least four members can you find in the numbers in this box?

Which times on a digital clock have a line of symmetry? Which look the same upside-down? You might like to try this investigation and find out!

Investigate the area of 'slices' cut off this cube of cheese. What would happen if you had different-sized block of cheese to start with?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Investigate the different ways you could split up these rooms so that you have double the number.

In my local town there are three supermarkets which each has a special deal on some products. If you bought all your shopping in one shop, where would be the cheapest?

Can you continue this pattern of triangles and begin to predict how many sticks are used for each new "layer"?

Three children are going to buy some plants for their birthdays. They will plant them within circular paths. How could they do this?

Can you find out how the 6-triangle shape is transformed in these tessellations? Will the tessellations go on for ever? Why or why not?

Here are many ideas for you to investigate - all linked with the number 2000.

Investigate all the different squares you can make on this 5 by 5 grid by making your starting side go from the bottom left hand point. Can you find out the areas of all these squares?

Investigate these hexagons drawn from different sized equilateral triangles.

Bernard Bagnall looks at what 'problem solving' might really mean in the context of primary classrooms.

Compare the numbers of particular tiles in one or all of these three designs, inspired by the floor tiles of a church in Cambridge.

Take a look at these data collected by children in 1986 as part of the Domesday Project. What do they tell you? What do you think about the way they are presented?

Lolla bought a balloon at the circus. She gave the clown six coins to pay for it. What could Lolla have paid for the balloon?

Suppose there is a train with 24 carriages which are going to be put together to make up some new trains. Can you find all the ways that this can be done?