The largest square which fits into a circle is ABCD and EFGH is a square with G and H on the line CD and E and F on the circumference of the circle. Show that AB = 5EF.
Similarly the largest equilateral triangle which fits into a circle is LMN and PQR is an equilateral triangle with P and Q on the line LM and R on the circumference of the circle. Show that LM = 3PQ
The diagonals of a square meet at O. The bisector of angle OAB meets BO and BC at N and P respectively. The length of NO is 24. How long is PC?
Two ladders are propped up against facing walls. The end of the
first ladder is 10 metres above the foot of the first wall. The end
of the second ladder is 5 metres above the foot of the second wall.
At what height do the ladders cross?
If the square paper napkin is folded so that the corner P does not coincide with the midpoint of an opposite edge, where would you place the fold for a 5, 12, 13 or an 8, 15, 17 or a 7, 24, 25 triangle?
Are any of these findings extendable to other quadrilaterals?
See also the problem Origami