A man went to Monte Carlo to try and make his fortune. Whilst he
was there he had an opportunity to bet on the outcome of rolling
dice. He was offered the same odds for each of the following
outcomes: At least 1 six with 6 dice. At least 2 sixes with 12
dice. At least 3 sixes with 18 dice.
Two bags contain different numbers of red and blue balls. A ball is
removed from one of the bags. The ball is blue. What is the
probability that it was removed from bag A?
You have two bags, four red balls and four white balls. You must
put all the balls in the bags although you are allowed to have one
bag empty. How should you distribute the balls between the two bags
so as to make the probability of choosing a red ball as small as
possible and what will the probability be in that case?
A gambler bets half the money in his pocket on the toss of a coin, winning an equal amount for a head and losing his money if the result is a tail. He repeats this many times, each time betting half the total money he has. After $2n$ plays he has won exactly $n$ times. Has he more money, the same amount or less money than he started with?