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Write 100 as the sum of two positive integers, one divisible by 7 and the other divisible by 11. Then find formulas giving all the solutions to 7x + 11y = 100 where x and y are integers.

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For What?

Prove that if the integer n is divisible by 4 then it can be written as the difference of two squares.

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Ordered Sums

Let a(n) be the number of ways of expressing the integer n as an ordered sum of 1's and 2's. Let b(n) be the number of ways of expressing n as an ordered sum of integers greater than 1. (i) Calculate a(n) and b(n) for n<8. What do you notice about these sequences? (ii) Find a relation between a(p) and b(q). (iii) Prove your conjectures.

Screen Shot

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2
A moveable screen slides along a mirrored corridor towards a centrally placed light source. A ray of light from that source is directed towards a wall of the corridor, which it strikes at $45^\circ $ before being reflected across to the opposite wall and so on until it hits the screen.

If the screen is $20$ metres down the corridor from the light source and if the corridor is $2$ metres wide, find the position on the screen where the point of light appears.


Screen shot diagram

Part Two: Now remember that the screen is moveable. The distance, $d$, of the screen down the corridor can change, so the position where the point of light appears on the screen will depend on $d$. Can you find a function, expressing the position of the light on the screen in terms of $d$?

Part Three: If the ray leaves the source making an angle $\theta$ with the direction of the corridor, and the distance, $d$, of the screen down the corridor can still change, the position where the point of light appears on the screen will depend on $d$ and on $\theta$ . Can you find this function?