Interpreting and Evaluating - January 2009, All Stages

This month our problems involve aspects of the process of interpreting the information in a question and examining in various ways the solution or methods used to get the solution. For example, are the assumptions and arguments made correct or appropriate? How does the solution relate to the initial problem? Can we make sense of someone else's finding? Can we compare strategies used?

Problems

What Shape and Colour?

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

Can you fill in the empty boxes in the grid with the right shape and colour?

What Number?

Age 5 to 7 Short Challenge Level:

I am less than 25. My ones digit is twice my tens digit. My digits add up to an even number.

Colouring Triangles

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

Explore ways of colouring this set of triangles. Can you make symmetrical patterns?

Mixed-up Socks

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

Start with three pairs of socks. Now mix them up so that no mismatched pair is the same as another mismatched pair. Is there more than one way to do it?

Zios and Zepts

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Egyptian Rope

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

The ancient Egyptians were said to make right-angled triangles using a rope with twelve equal sections divided by knots. What other triangles could you make if you had a rope like this?

Wag Worms

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

When intergalactic Wag Worms are born they look just like a cube. Each year they grow another cube in any direction. Find all the shapes that five-year-old Wag Worms can be.

Watch the Clock

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

During the third hour after midnight the hands on a clock point in the same direction (so one hand is over the top of the other). At what time, to the nearest second, does this happen?

Remainders

Age 7 to 14 Challenge Level:

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

Elevenses

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?

American Billions

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...

Making Sixty

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Why does this fold create an angle of sixty degrees?

More or Less?

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Are these estimates of physical quantities accurate?

Time to Evolve

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

How many generations would link an evolutionist to a very distant ancestor?

Beelines

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Is there a relationship between the coordinates of the endpoints of a line and the number of grid squares it crosses?

Why 24?

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Take any prime number greater than 3 , square it and subtract one. Working on the building blocks will help you to explain what is special about your results.

Napkin

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

A napkin is folded so that a corner coincides with the midpoint of an opposite edge . Investigate the three triangles formed .

Partly Circles

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

What is the same and what is different about these circle questions? What connections can you make?

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Four rods are hinged at their ends to form a convex quadrilateral. Investigate the different shapes that the quadrilateral can take. Be patient this problem may be slow to load.

OK! Now Prove It

Age 16 to 18 Challenge Level:

Make a conjecture about the sum of the squares of the odd positive integers. Can you prove it?

Age 16 to 18 Short Challenge Level:

Sort these mathematical propositions into a series of 8 correct statements.

Chi-squared Faker

Age 16 to 18 Challenge Level:

How would you massage the data in this Chi-squared test to both accept and reject the hypothesis?

So Big

Age 16 to 18 Challenge Level:

One side of a triangle is divided into segments of length a and b by the inscribed circle, with radius r. Prove that the area is: abr(a+b)/ab-r^2

Rain or Shine

Age 16 to 18 Challenge Level:

Predict future weather using the probability that tomorrow is wet given today is wet and the probability that tomorrow is wet given that today is dry.