Explore patterns based on a rhombus. How can you enlarge the pattern - or explode it?
The largest square which fits into a circle is ABCD and EFGH is a square with G and H on the line CD and E and F on the circumference of the circle. Show that AB = 5EF. Similarly the largest. . . .
A floor is covered by a tessellation of equilateral triangles, each having three equal arcs inside it. What proportion of the area of the tessellation is shaded?
The centre of the larger circle is at the midpoint of one side of an equilateral triangle and the circle touches the other two sides of the triangle. A smaller circle touches the larger circle and. . . .
Medieval stonemasons used a method to construct octagons using ruler and compasses... Is the octagon regular? Proof please.
The sides of a triangle are 25, 39 and 40 units of length. Find the diameter of the circumscribed circle.
The challenge is to produce elegant solutions. Elegance here implies simplicity. The focus is on rhombi, in particular those formed by jointing two equilateral triangles along an edge.
A square of area 40 square cms is inscribed in a semicircle. Find the area of the square that could be inscribed in a circle of the same radius.
A circle rolls around the outside edge of a square so that its circumference always touches the edge of the square. Can you describe the locus of the centre of the circle?
Explain how the thirteen pieces making up the regular hexagon shown in the diagram can be re-assembled to form three smaller regular hexagons congruent to each other.
This article gives an wonderful insight into students working on the Arclets problem that first appeared in the Sept 2002 edition of the NRICH website.
See if you can anticipate successive 'generations' of the two animals shown here.
Straight lines are drawn from each corner of a square to the mid points of the opposite sides. Express the area of the octagon that is formed at the centre as a fraction of the area of the square.
Show how this pentagonal tile can be used to tile the plane and describe the transformations which map this pentagon to its images in the tiling.
If you continue the pattern, can you predict what each of the following areas will be? Try to explain your prediction.
Explore the geometry of these dart and kite shapes!
The diagonals of a trapezium divide it into four parts. Can you create a trapezium where three of those parts are equal in area?
Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?
Can you find the areas of the trapezia in this sequence?
Which is a better fit, a square peg in a round hole or a round peg in a square hole?
A cheap and simple toy with lots of mathematics. Can you interpret the images that are produced? Can you predict the pattern that will be produced using different wheels?
Can you recreate squares and rhombuses if you are only given a side or a diagonal?
Equal circles can be arranged so that each circle touches four or six others. What percentage of the plane is covered by circles in each packing pattern? ...
The ten arcs forming the edges of the "holly leaf" are all arcs of circles of radius 1 cm. Find the length of the perimeter of the holly leaf and the area of its surface.
Can you find a relationship between the area of the crescents and the area of the triangle?
Can you work out the area of the inner square and give an explanation of how you did it?
The diagram shows a regular pentagon with sides of unit length. Find all the angles in the diagram. Prove that the quadrilateral shown in red is a rhombus.
A circle touches the lines OA, OB and AB where OA and OB are perpendicular. Show that the diameter of the circle is equal to the perimeter of the triangle
Take any rectangle ABCD such that AB > BC. The point P is on AB and Q is on CD. Show that there is exactly one position of P and Q such that APCQ is a rhombus.
How much of the field can the animals graze?
With one cut a piece of card 16 cm by 9 cm can be made into two pieces which can be rearranged to form a square 12 cm by 12 cm. Explain how this can be done.
What is the ratio of the area of a square inscribed in a semicircle to the area of the square inscribed in the entire circle?
Given a square ABCD of sides 10 cm, and using the corners as centres, construct four quadrants with radius 10 cm each inside the square. The four arcs intersect at P, Q, R and S. Find the. . . .
Can you reproduce the design comprising a series of concentric circles? Test your understanding of the realtionship betwwn the circumference and diameter of a circle.
Thinking of circles as polygons with an infinite number of sides - but how does this help us with our understanding of the circumference of circle as pi x d? This challenge investigates. . . .
M is any point on the line AB. Squares of side length AM and MB are constructed and their circumcircles intersect at P (and M). Prove that the lines AD and BE produced pass through P.
Recreating the designs in this challenge requires you to break a problem down into manageable chunks and use the relationships between triangles and hexagons. An exercise in detail and elegance.
Use a single sheet of A4 paper and make a cylinder having the greatest possible volume. The cylinder must be closed off by a circle at each end.
The computer has made a rectangle and will tell you the number of spots it uses in total. Can you find out where the rectangle is?
How efficiently can you pack together disks?
What shapes should Elly cut out to make a witch's hat? How can she make a taller hat?
Can Jo make a gym bag for her trainers from the piece of fabric she has?
Learn how to draw circles using Logo. Wait a minute! Are they really circles? If not what are they?
This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?
In LOGO circles can be described in terms of polygons with an infinite (in this case large number) of sides - investigate this definition further.
The image in this problem is part of a piece of equipment found in the playground of a school. How would you describe it to someone over the phone?
Identical squares of side one unit contain some circles shaded blue. In which of the four examples is the shaded area greatest?
We have four rods of equal lengths hinged at their endpoints to form a rhombus ABCD. Keeping AB fixed we allow CD to take all possible positions in the plane. What is the locus (or path) of the point. . . .
Show that for any triangle it is always possible to construct 3 touching circles with centres at the vertices. Is it possible to construct touching circles centred at the vertices of any polygon?
Investigate the properties of quadrilaterals which can be drawn with a circle just touching each side and another circle just touching each vertex.