Resources tagged with: 2D shapes and their properties

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Broad Topics > Angles, Polygons, and Geometrical Proof > 2D shapes and their properties

LOGO Challenge 6 - Triangles and Stars

Age 11 to 16 Challenge Level:

Recreating the designs in this challenge requires you to break a problem down into manageable chunks and use the relationships between triangles and hexagons. An exercise in detail and elegance.

LOGO Challenge 11 - More on Circles

Age 11 to 16 Challenge Level:

Thinking of circles as polygons with an infinite number of sides - but how does this help us with our understanding of the circumference of circle as pi x d? This challenge investigates. . . .

LOGO Challenge 10 - Circles

Age 11 to 16 Challenge Level:

In LOGO circles can be described in terms of polygons with an infinite (in this case large number) of sides - investigate this definition further.

LOGO Challenge 2 - Diamonds Are Forever

Age 7 to 16 Challenge Level:

The challenge is to produce elegant solutions. Elegance here implies simplicity. The focus is on rhombi, in particular those formed by jointing two equilateral triangles along an edge.

First Forward Into Logo 4: Circles

Age 7 to 16 Challenge Level:

Learn how to draw circles using Logo. Wait a minute! Are they really circles? If not what are they?

LOGO Challenge 12 - Concentric Circles

Age 11 to 16 Challenge Level:

Can you reproduce the design comprising a series of concentric circles? Test your understanding of the realtionship betwwn the circumference and diameter of a circle.

LOGO Challenge 8 - Rhombi

Age 7 to 16 Challenge Level:

Explore patterns based on a rhombus. How can you enlarge the pattern - or explode it?

Arclets Explained

Age 11 to 16

This article gives an wonderful insight into students working on the Arclets problem that first appeared in the Sept 2002 edition of the NRICH website.

What's Inside/outside/under the Box?

Age 7 to 14

This article describes investigations that offer opportunities for children to think differently, and pose their own questions, about shapes.

Circles, Circles Everywhere

Age 7 to 14

This article for pupils gives some examples of how circles have featured in people's lives for centuries.

What Shape?

Age 7 to 14 Challenge Level:

This task develops spatial reasoning skills. By framing and asking questions a member of the team has to find out what mathematical object they have chosen.

Not So Little X

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Two circles are enclosed by a rectangle 12 units by x units. The distance between the centres of the two circles is x/3 units. How big is x?

What Shape for Two

Age 7 to 14 Challenge Level:

'What Shape?' activity for adult and child. Can you ask good questions so you can work out which shape your partner has chosen?

Square Areas

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Can you work out the area of the inner square and give an explanation of how you did it?

Squaring the Circle

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Bluey-green, white and transparent squares with a few odd bits of shapes around the perimeter. But, how many squares are there of each type in the complete circle? Study the picture and make. . . .

LOGO Challenge - Circles as Animals

Age 11 to 16 Challenge Level:

See if you can anticipate successive 'generations' of the two animals shown here.

Sports Equipment

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

If these balls are put on a line with each ball touching the one in front and the one behind, which arrangement makes the shortest line of balls?

Pi, a Very Special Number

Age 7 to 14

Read all about the number pi and the mathematicians who have tried to find out its value as accurately as possible.

Bow Tie

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Show how this pentagonal tile can be used to tile the plane and describe the transformations which map this pentagon to its images in the tiling.

Opposite Vertices

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Can you recreate squares and rhombuses if you are only given a side or a diagonal?

Circle Panes

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Look at the mathematics that is all around us - this circular window is a wonderful example.

Where Are They?

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Use the isometric grid paper to find the different polygons.

Floored

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

A floor is covered by a tessellation of equilateral triangles, each having three equal arcs inside it. What proportion of the area of the tessellation is shaded?

Shapely Tiling

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Use the interactivity to make this Islamic star and cross design. Can you produce a tessellation of regular octagons with two different types of triangle?

Name That Triangle!

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Can you sketch triangles that fit in the cells in this grid? Which ones are impossible? How do you know?

Jig Shapes

Age 5 to 11 Challenge Level:

Can you each work out what shape you have part of on your card? What will the rest of it look like?

Lying and Cheating

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Follow the instructions and you can take a rectangle, cut it into 4 pieces, discard two small triangles, put together the remaining two pieces and end up with a rectangle the same size. Try it!

Square Pegs

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Which is a better fit, a square peg in a round hole or a round peg in a square hole?

Blue and White

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Identical squares of side one unit contain some circles shaded blue. In which of the four examples is the shaded area greatest?

From One Shape to Another

Age 7 to 14

Read about David Hilbert who proved that any polygon could be cut up into a certain number of pieces that could be put back together to form any other polygon of equal area.

Like a Circle in a Spiral

Age 7 to 16 Challenge Level:

A cheap and simple toy with lots of mathematics. Can you interpret the images that are produced? Can you predict the pattern that will be produced using different wheels?

Overlapping Circles

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

What shaped overlaps can you make with two circles which are the same size? What shapes are 'left over'? What shapes can you make when the circles are different sizes?

Hex

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Explain how the thirteen pieces making up the regular hexagon shown in the diagram can be re-assembled to form three smaller regular hexagons congruent to each other.

2001 Spatial Oddity

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

With one cut a piece of card 16 cm by 9 cm can be made into two pieces which can be rearranged to form a square 12 cm by 12 cm. Explain how this can be done.

Overlapping Again

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

What shape is the overlap when you slide one of these shapes half way across another? Can you picture it in your head? Use the interactivity to check your visualisation.

Gym Bag

Age 11 to 16 Challenge Level:

Can Jo make a gym bag for her trainers from the piece of fabric she has?

Witch's Hat

Age 11 to 16 Challenge Level:

What shapes should Elly cut out to make a witch's hat? How can she make a taller hat?

Shaping Up

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Are all the possible combinations of two shapes included in this set of 27 cards? How do you know?

Shaping It

Age 5 to 11 Challenge Level:

These pictures were made by starting with a square, finding the half-way point on each side and joining those points up. You could investigate your own starting shape.

Sorting Logic Blocks

Age 5 to 11 Challenge Level:

This interactivity allows you to sort logic blocks by dragging their images.

Rolling Around

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

A circle rolls around the outside edge of a square so that its circumference always touches the edge of the square. Can you describe the locus of the centre of the circle?

Poly Plug Rectangles

Age 5 to 14 Challenge Level:

The computer has made a rectangle and will tell you the number of spots it uses in total. Can you find out where the rectangle is?

Triangular Hexagons

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Investigate these hexagons drawn from different sized equilateral triangles.

Regular Rings 2

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

What shape is made when you fold using this crease pattern? Can you make a ring design?

Playground Snapshot

Age 7 to 14 Challenge Level:

The image in this problem is part of a piece of equipment found in the playground of a school. How would you describe it to someone over the phone?

Lafayette

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

What mathematical words can be used to describe this floor covering? How many different shapes can you see inside this photograph?

Count the Trapeziums

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

How many trapeziums, of various sizes, are hidden in this picture?

Efficient Cutting

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Use a single sheet of A4 paper and make a cylinder having the greatest possible volume. The cylinder must be closed off by a circle at each end.

Board Block Challenge

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Choose the size of your pegboard and the shapes you can make. Can you work out the strategies needed to block your opponent?

Four Triangles Puzzle

Age 5 to 11 Challenge Level:

Cut four triangles from a square as shown in the picture. How many different shapes can you make by fitting the four triangles back together?